Self-assembly of one-side-functionalized graphene nanosheets in bilayered superstructures for drug delivery

Self-assembly of one-side-functionalized graphene nanosheets in bilayered superstructures for... In this article, we describe the one-side functionalization of graphene nanosheets with hydrophilic catechol-bearing pyrrolidine rings. For this purpose, we used, for the first time, a solvothermal alternative of 1,3 dipolar cycloaddition of azomethine ylide. To achieve asymmetrical reaction, graphene nanosheets were initially and during reaction deposited on glass substrate. The result of one-side functionalization of graphene was the formation of amphiphilic few-layered graphene nanosheets. The modified side becomes hydrophilic due to the attachment of catechols, while the nonmodified side remains hydrophobic. In the literature, there are limited examples of functionalized graphene with different sides, the so-called Janus-type graphenes. These amphiphilic graphene nanosheets dispersed in water were self-organized in bilayer superstructures, with hydrophilic outer surface and hydrophobic internal space. The later can host hydrophobic molecules such as anticancer drugs and could be used in drug delivery systems. As an example, camptothecin, a drug practically insoluble in water, was used here to show that it can be transferred to water phase using graphene as transporter. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Materials Science Springer Journals

Self-assembly of one-side-functionalized graphene nanosheets in bilayered superstructures for drug delivery

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Materials Science; Materials Science, general; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Polymer Sciences; Continuum Mechanics and Mechanics of Materials; Crystallography and Scattering Methods; Classical Mechanics
ISSN
0022-2461
eISSN
1573-4803
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10853-018-2444-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In this article, we describe the one-side functionalization of graphene nanosheets with hydrophilic catechol-bearing pyrrolidine rings. For this purpose, we used, for the first time, a solvothermal alternative of 1,3 dipolar cycloaddition of azomethine ylide. To achieve asymmetrical reaction, graphene nanosheets were initially and during reaction deposited on glass substrate. The result of one-side functionalization of graphene was the formation of amphiphilic few-layered graphene nanosheets. The modified side becomes hydrophilic due to the attachment of catechols, while the nonmodified side remains hydrophobic. In the literature, there are limited examples of functionalized graphene with different sides, the so-called Janus-type graphenes. These amphiphilic graphene nanosheets dispersed in water were self-organized in bilayer superstructures, with hydrophilic outer surface and hydrophobic internal space. The later can host hydrophobic molecules such as anticancer drugs and could be used in drug delivery systems. As an example, camptothecin, a drug practically insoluble in water, was used here to show that it can be transferred to water phase using graphene as transporter.

Journal

Journal of Materials ScienceSpringer Journals

Published: May 21, 2018

References

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