This study was performed to understand the mechanisms for Se-enhanced resistance of parsley (Petroselinum crispum L.) plants to salinity stress. Plant growth was negatively affected by salt stress; however, Se treatments at 1 mg/L significantly improved the growth rate and enhanced the salt tolerance of seedlings. This increased tolerance in Se-supplied plants was obtained by reduced damaging effect on maximal quantum yield of photosystem II (PSII) (F v/F m) coupled with higher levels of carotenoids and non-photochemical quenching (NPQ). The performance index (PIABS), as evidence for modulation of PSII function, was downregulated by salt stress; while Se mitigated this effect. Moreover, analysis of OJIP transients demon-strated that Se reduced salt damaging effect on PSII function through improvement of excitation energy trapping (TR0/CS) and electron transport (ET0/CS) per excited cross-section of leaf. The Na concentrations in shoots and roots of parsley seedlings considerably enhanced after NaCl treatment. Interestingly, treatment of salt-stressed plants with Se decreased the Na contents in shoots via the limitation of the root-to-shoot translocation of Na and exclusion of Na from cell sap, as well as the retention of K/Na and Ca/Na ratios. These data provide the first evidence that the Se application alleviates salinity stress by enhancing PSII function and by decreasing Na content in the shoot via binding of Na to the root cell wall.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 29, 2017
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