This study was performed to understand the mechanisms for Se-enhanced resistance of parsley (Petroselinum crispum L.) plants to salinity stress. Plant growth was negatively affected by salt stress; however, Se treatments at 1 mg/L significantly improved the growth rate and enhanced the salt tolerance of seedlings. This increased tolerance in Se-supplied plants was obtained by reduced damaging effect on maximal quantum yield of photosystem II (PSII) (F v/F m) coupled with higher levels of carotenoids and non-photochemical quenching (NPQ). The performance index (PIABS), as evidence for modulation of PSII function, was downregulated by salt stress; while Se mitigated this effect. Moreover, analysis of OJIP transients demon-strated that Se reduced salt damaging effect on PSII function through improvement of excitation energy trapping (TR0/CS) and electron transport (ET0/CS) per excited cross-section of leaf. The Na concentrations in shoots and roots of parsley seedlings considerably enhanced after NaCl treatment. Interestingly, treatment of salt-stressed plants with Se decreased the Na contents in shoots via the limitation of the root-to-shoot translocation of Na and exclusion of Na from cell sap, as well as the retention of K/Na and Ca/Na ratios. These data provide the first evidence that the Se application alleviates salinity stress by enhancing PSII function and by decreasing Na content in the shoot via binding of Na to the root cell wall.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 29, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud