Population Research and Policy Review 21: 179–204, 2002. © 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. Selection, context, or both? The English ﬂuency of Mexican immigrants in the American Midwest and Southwest EILEEN DIAZ MCCONNELL Indiana University FELICIA B. LECLERE University of Notre Dame Introduction International immigration to the United States is at its highest levels since the turn of the century. Mexican-born persons comprise the plurality of the total legal and illegal immigrant ﬂow to the United States. The primary destination of Mexican immigrants has been and continues to be the Southwestern United States (INS 1999a, 1999b), with Los Angeles remaining the top intended metropolitan destination. Most studies of Mexican immigration have focused on the United States, in general, (i.e., Gamio 1930; Bustamante 1984; Massey 1986, Massey et al. 1987, 1994) and thus, by default, the American Southwest (Griswold Del Castillo & De Leon 1996; Hondagneu-Sotelo 1994). However, Mexican migrants appear to be relocating to non-southwestern destinations (Binational Study 1997; Passel & Zimmerman 2000), sometimes from other states (Gouveia and Stull 1997), as well as directly from Mexico. Research shows that Mexican immigration to the Midwest particularly is in- creasing (Durand et al. 2000; Gouveia & Saenz
Population Research and Policy Review – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 10, 2004
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