The presence of cyanide ions in wastewater is dangerous to the health and life of living creatures, especially humans. Cyanide concentration should not exceed the acceptable limit in wastewaters to avoid their adverse effects to the environment. In this paper, in order to select the most appropriate method to remove cyanide from the wastewater of the Moteh gold mine, based on the experts’ opinions, the use of calcium hypochlorite, sodium hypochlorite, and hydrogen peroxide was chosen as forerunning alternative in the form of a multi-stage model. Then, seven criteria including the amount of material consumed, ease of implementation, safety, ability to remove cyanide, pH, time, and cost of the process to assess the considered methods were determined. Afterwards, seven experts conducted numerous experiments to examine the conditions of each of these criteria. Then, by employing a mathematical method called “numerical taxonomy,” the use of sodium hypochlorite was suggested as the best method to remove cyanide from the wastewater of the Moteh gold mine. Finally, the TOPSIS model was used to validate the proposed model, which led to the same results of the suggested method. Also, the results of employing taxonomic analysis and TOPSIS method suggested the use of sodium hypochlorite as the best method for cyanide removal from wastewater. In addition, according to the analysis of various experiments, conditions for complete removal of cyanide using sodium hypochlorite included concentration (8.64 g/L), pH (12.3), and temperature (12 °C).
Environmental Science and Pollution Research – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 5, 2018
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