Segregation, Race, and Infant Well-Being

Segregation, Race, and Infant Well-Being Residential segregation is a pervasive feature of the urban landscape in the United States, yet few studies have considered how segregation (including all of its conceptual dimensions) influences infant well-being. Here, a comprehensive picture of segregation (including all five dimensions and a composite measure) and infant well-being for whites, blacks, and Hispanics is presented. This study utilizes data from U.S. metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) in 2000 to address these issues. Descriptive results show stark racial differences with blacks fairing worse than whites and Hispanics. Using race-specific generalized linear models, this study finds that the relationship between segregation and infant well-being is largely race-and outcome-specific. Segregation was found to have both negative and positive relationships with infant well-being. The size, direction, and significance of these associations were dependent upon race, measure of infant well-being, and dimension of segregation under consideration. For instance, dissimilarity shared a positive relationship with infant mortality for whites, isolation shared a positive relationship with infant mortality among blacks, and both isolation and concentration shared a negative relationship with infant mortality among Hispanics. Also, the composite measure of all segregation measures positively predicted low birth weight for blacks and Hispanics, as well as infant mortality among blacks. This study highlights the importance of treating segregation as a multi-dimensional concept and viewing it as a potential source of racial disparities in infant well-being. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Population Research and Policy Review Springer Journals

Segregation, Race, and Infant Well-Being

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Social Sciences; Demography; Sociology, general; Population Economics
ISSN
0167-5923
eISSN
1573-7829
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11113-010-9197-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Residential segregation is a pervasive feature of the urban landscape in the United States, yet few studies have considered how segregation (including all of its conceptual dimensions) influences infant well-being. Here, a comprehensive picture of segregation (including all five dimensions and a composite measure) and infant well-being for whites, blacks, and Hispanics is presented. This study utilizes data from U.S. metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) in 2000 to address these issues. Descriptive results show stark racial differences with blacks fairing worse than whites and Hispanics. Using race-specific generalized linear models, this study finds that the relationship between segregation and infant well-being is largely race-and outcome-specific. Segregation was found to have both negative and positive relationships with infant well-being. The size, direction, and significance of these associations were dependent upon race, measure of infant well-being, and dimension of segregation under consideration. For instance, dissimilarity shared a positive relationship with infant mortality for whites, isolation shared a positive relationship with infant mortality among blacks, and both isolation and concentration shared a negative relationship with infant mortality among Hispanics. Also, the composite measure of all segregation measures positively predicted low birth weight for blacks and Hispanics, as well as infant mortality among blacks. This study highlights the importance of treating segregation as a multi-dimensional concept and viewing it as a potential source of racial disparities in infant well-being.

Journal

Population Research and Policy ReviewSpringer Journals

Published: Nov 27, 2010

References

  • Future directions in residential segregation and health research: A multilevel approach
    Acevedo-Garcia, D; Lochner, K; Osypuk, T
  • Birth outcomes among urban African-American women: A multilevel analysis of the role of racial residential segregation
    Bell, JF; Zimmerman, FJ; Almgren, GR; Mayer, JD; Huebner, CE
  • Separate black and white infant mortality models: Differences in the importance of structural variables
    Bird, ST
  • Neighborhood context and mortality among older Mexican Americans: Is there a barrio advantage?
    Eschbach, K; Ostir, GV; Patel, KV
  • Residential segregation and mortality in New York City
    Fang, J; Madhavan, S; Bosworth, W; Alderman, MH

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