Despite recent progress auxin signal transduction remains largely scetchy and enigmatic. A good body of evidence supports the notion that the ABP1 could be a functional receptor or part of a receptor, respectively, but this is not generally accepted. Evidence for other functional receptors is lacking, as is any clearcut evidence for a function of G proteins. Protons may serve as second messengers in guard cells but the existing evidence for a role of calcium remains to be clearified. Phospholipases C and D seem not to have a function in auxin signal transduction whereas the indications for a role of phospholipase A2 in auxin signal transduction accumulated recently. Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) is modulated by auxin and the protein kinase PINOID has a role in auxin transport modulation even though their functional linkage to other signalling molecules is ill-defined. It is hypothesized that signal transduction precedes activation of early genes such as IAA genes and that ubiquitination and the proteasome are a mechanism to integrate signal duration and signal strength in plants and act as major regulators of hormone sensitivity.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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