Scientific legacy of N.N. Semenov: A breakthrough into the future

Scientific legacy of N.N. Semenov: A breakthrough into the future ISSN 1070-4272, Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, 2006, Vol. 79, No. 10, p. 1736. Pleiades Publishing, Inc., 2006. Original Russian Text G.E. Zaikov, 2006, published in Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, 2006, Vol. 79, No. 10, p. 1754. INFORMATION Scientific Legacy of N. N. Semenov: A Breakthrough into the Future DOI: 10.1134/S1070427206100405 The title of this article fully corresponds to the name On the second day, the conference proceeded in of the International conference devoted to the 110th the Big Hall of the main building of MGU. There were anniversary of Academician N.N. Semenov (1896 two sessions. The morning session included three ple- 1986). Over 800 scientists and students took part in nary presentations and one discussion. RAS Academi- this conference. cian A.E. Shilov delivered a lecture on some modern achievements in chemical physics and biomimetics. Semenov was the founder and permanent head of The second presentation was concerned with problems the Institute of Chemical Physics, Academy of Sci- ences of the USSR, in 1931 1986. In 1956 he (jointly of light, energy, and natural photosynthesis (M. Gret- with S. Hinschelwood) was awarded a Nobel Prize for zel, Switzerland). The presentation by S. Sarisiftsy, the development of the theory of branched chain reac- Austria, was focused on problems of accumulation of tions. He had been publishing these works since 1928. solar energy and its transformation into electricity Semenov was one of the founders of chemical physics (organic solar batteries). This was followed by round and biochemical physics as sections of natural sci- table debates on the subject Fundamental science ences. He significantly contributed to the development for power generation (it should be reminded that of chemical kinetics as a tool for studying mechanisms Semenov for many years headed in the USSR the Sci- of chemical and biochemical processes. entific Council for solar energy accumulation). The conference was organized by the Russian Acad- The evening session on the second day of the con- emy of Sciences (RAS), Ministry of Education and ference included presentations on the prospects for de- Science of the Russian Federation, Lomonosov State velopment of high school (universities and institutes). University in Moscow (MGU), Moscow City Govern- It should be mentioned that Semenov established in ment, Semenov Foundation for Science Development, 1944 the Chair of Chemical Kinetics at the Chemical and Joint Institute of Chemical Physics (OIKhF). Faculty of MGU and headed it till 1986. Two presen- The conference proceeded according to a two-day tations concerning the future of higher education in var- program on April 14 15, 2006 (Semenov was born ious countries were made by Prof. R. Loughline, US. on April 16, 1896). The session concluded with round table debates On the first day, the conference proceeded in the Big on the subject Higher Education in XXI Century , Hall of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The open- whose participants suggested diversified (occasional- ing of the conference was attended by leading scien- ly, conflicting) ideas. tists of the Russian Federation and representatives of UNESCO and Moscow Government. A large number As a part of the conference, a number of events of telegrams were addressed to the conference and, in were organized: particular, that the from President of the Russian informal meeting of Russian and foreign scientists Federation V.V. Putin. with Russian young scientists and students; Four plenary presentations were held on the first day of the conference. meetings of Nobel Prize Laureates with representa- tives of the Semenov International Foundation for RAS Academician V.E. Fortov devoted his presen- Science Development; tation to the development of chemical physics under extreme conditions. Prof. J.-M. Lehn (France) char- exhibition devoted to the 110th anniversary of Ac- acterized the current status of supramolecular chem- ademician Semenov at the MGU Museum in the New istry, chemical physics, and chemical kinetics. Prof. Library building. J Polanyi (Canada) presented modern views in the field of quantum chemistry and chemical kinetics of gas- The conference demonstrated that the ideas and so- phase processes. Special interest was evoked by the lutions suggested by Semenov in his time were further presentation of RAS Academician V.P. Skulachev, developed by many scientists from various countries. concerned with radical forms of oxygen (mithochon- drias and aging processes), and its discussion. G. E. Zaikov Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry Springer Journals

Scientific legacy of N.N. Semenov: A breakthrough into the future

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Copyright © 2006 by Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Chemistry; Chemistry/Food Science, general; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
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