A scale-up approach is developed to enhance effective spatial and temporal resolution of PIV measurements. An analysis shows that complete similarity can be maintained for certain unsteady flows and that all types of error in PIV are either reduced or unaffected by scale-up. Implementation and results are described for flow through a mechanical heart valve (MHV), in which high resolution is necessary to advance understanding of the effects of small-scale flow structure on blood cells. With a large-scale model geometry and a low-viscosity model fluid, spatial and temporal resolutions are increased by factors of 5.8 and 118, respectively, yielding the finest resolution to date for MHV flow. Measurements near the downstream tip of a valve leaflet detect eddies as small as 400 μm shed in the leaflet wake. Impulsively started flow exhibits vortex shedding frequencies broadly consistent with the literature on flat-plate and aerofoil wakes, while the physiological unsteady flow waveform promotes 40% higher frequency at peak flow.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 19, 2011
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud