Scale effects in subaerial landslide generated impulse waves

Scale effects in subaerial landslide generated impulse waves Hydraulic scale modelling involves scale effects. The limiting criteria for scale models of subaerial landslide generated impulse waves including solid, air, and water are discussed both based on a literature review and based on detailed two-dimensional experimentation. Seven scale series based on the Froude similitude were conducted involving the intermediate-water wave spectrum. Scale effects were primarily attributed to the impact crater formation, the air entrainment and detrainment, and the turbulent boundary layer as a function of surface tension and fluid viscosity. These effects reduce the relative wave amplitude and the wave attenuation as compared with reference experiments. Wave amplitude attenuation was found to be more than 70 times larger than predicted with the standard wave theory. Limitations for plane impulse wave generation on the basis of the present research are given by which scale effects can be avoided. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Scale effects in subaerial landslide generated impulse waves

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-007-0427-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Hydraulic scale modelling involves scale effects. The limiting criteria for scale models of subaerial landslide generated impulse waves including solid, air, and water are discussed both based on a literature review and based on detailed two-dimensional experimentation. Seven scale series based on the Froude similitude were conducted involving the intermediate-water wave spectrum. Scale effects were primarily attributed to the impact crater formation, the air entrainment and detrainment, and the turbulent boundary layer as a function of surface tension and fluid viscosity. These effects reduce the relative wave amplitude and the wave attenuation as compared with reference experiments. Wave amplitude attenuation was found to be more than 70 times larger than predicted with the standard wave theory. Limitations for plane impulse wave generation on the basis of the present research are given by which scale effects can be avoided.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 4, 2007

References

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