In a previous study, we reported lower sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ pump ionophore ratios in rat soleus compared to red and white gastrocnemius (RG, WG) muscles which may be indicative of greater SR Ca2+ permeability in soleus. Here we assessed the lipid composition of the SR membranes obtained from these muscles to determine if SR docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) content and fatty acid unsaturation could help to explain the previously observed differences in SR Ca2+ permeability. Since we have shown previously that sarcolipin may also influence SR Ca2+ permeability, we also examined the levels of sarcolipin in rat muscle. We found that SR membrane DHA content was significantly higher in soleus (5.3 ± 0.2 %) compared to RG (4.2 ± 0.2 %) and WG (3.3 ± 0.2 %). Likewise, total SR membrane unsaturation and unsaturation index (UI) were significantly higher in soleus (% unsaturation: 59.1 ± 2.4; UI: 362.9 ± 0.8) compared to RG (% unsaturation: 55.3 ± 1.0; UI: 320.9 ± 2.5) and WG (% unsaturation: 52.6 ± 1.1; UI: 310. ± 2.2). Sarcolipin protein was 17-fold more abundant in rat soleus compared to RG and was not detected in WG; however, comparisons between soleus, RG, and WG in sarcolipin-null mice revealed that, in the absence of sarcolipin, ionophore ratios are still lowest in soleus and highest in WG. Overall, our results suggest that SR membrane DHA content and unsaturation, and, in part, sarcolipin expression may contribute to SR Ca2+ permeability and, in turn, may have implications in muscle-based metabolism and diet-induced obesity.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 21, 2015
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera