Comparative analysis of growth and composition of Atropa belladonna L. plants was performed after separate and combined additions of NaCl and NiCl2 to the nutrient medium. Plants were grown in water culture on modified Johnson solution for 8 weeks until the formation of the fifth leaf pair. Thereafter, NiCl2 was introduced at final concentrations of 100 and 150 μM into the medium either separately or in combination with 100 mM NaCl. After completing the 7-day treatment with Ni ions, the plants' weight and the content of water and photosynthetic pigments were determined. The content of Ni, free polyamines (putrescine, spermidine, spermine), and atropine was determined in plant roots and leaves, whereas the content of Fe, proline, and malondialdehyde (MDA) was examined in leaves only. The distribution of Ni in various tissues was inspected using the dimethylglyoxime method. The presence of NiCl2 in growth media diminished the increments in fresh weight of shoots and roots; lowered the content of water, pigments, and iron in leaves; and initiated chlorosis. The leaves of Ni-treated plants accumulated larger amounts of atropine, putrescine, proline, and MDA with respect to the control levels of these compounds. In contrast to the action of Ni alone, the combined application of NaCl and NiCl2 was followed by the increased content of water and pigments in leaves. The presence of NaCl in the medium restricted the entry of Ni into roots and diminished the levels of MDA and proline in leaves. After growing the plants in the presence of 100 and 150 μM NiCl2, nickel was located in the root outer cortex and the rhizoderm. In plants treated with 150 μM NiCl2, nickel was also observed in tissues of the central cylinder, mostly in the pericycle, phloem, and xylem. In plants grown in the presence of 150 μM NiCl2 and 100 mM NaCl, the decreased accumulation of nickel was noted in the tissues of the central cylinder in the root hair zone. Thus, the combined action of Ni and moderate salinity reduced nickel accumulation in roots and aboveground organs of A. belladonna plants. The reduced Ni content in plants mitigated the toxic effect of Ni present in the medium. This was manifested in stabilization of leaf water status, an increase in the content of photosynthetic pigments, and alleviation of oxidative stress, which was assessed from the content of low-molecular organic compounds exhibiting stress-protective and antioxidant action (proline, MDA, free polyamines, and atropine).
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 24, 2017
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