In this study, adventitious roots of Glycyrrhiza uralensis were cultured in a 5-L balloon-type bubble bioreactor with different medium salt strength and different concentrations of sucrose. The results of the culture showed that the best culture conditions were 4 % sucrose concentration and 1 MS medium for the accumulation of secondary metabolites. Salicylic acid has previously been used as an elicitor in tissue cultures to enhance production of secondary metabolites. Addition of 1 mg L−1 salicylic acid significantly enhanced the contents of glycyrrhizic acid (0.31 mg g−1), glycyrrhetinic acid (0.14 mg g−1) and polysaccharide (159.29 mg g−1) in the G. uralensis adventitious roots and the contents were 2.58-fold, 1.27-fold, and 2.07-fold over the control group. Furthermore, the greatest content of total flavonoid (9.40 mg g−1) was observed with 2 mg L−1 salicylic acid added in the culture, which was 2.68-fold higher than the control. The ESI-MSn analysis was also performed, showing that two new kinds of flavonoids, including (3R)-vestitol and glycyrol, were only identified in the salicylic acid treatment. In addition, we also found that salicylic acid significantly increased superoxide dismutases, catalases, and peroxidase activity.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: May 24, 2015
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