Salicylic acid can regulate phloem unloading in the root tip

Salicylic acid can regulate phloem unloading in the root tip In three-day-old maize (Zea mays L.) seedlings, we removed the endosperm, coleoptile with leaflets, and adventitious roots. Primary roots were exposed to 0–10−3 M salicylic acid (SA) for 1–5 h; scutellum, to 10−2 M 2-desoxy-D-glucose (2dG). 2dG-sucrose synthesized from 2dG was transported from scutella to the roots along the phloem. Its accumulation in 5-mm-long root tips was the measure of phloem unloading. At the concentrations higher than 10−4 M, SA suppressed unloading. Simultaneously, the uptake of 14C-5,5-dimethyloxazolidinedione (DMO) by root segments was inhibited, indicating cytoplasm acidification. 10−3 M SA also inhibited root respiration and growth. The lower SA concentrations (10−5 and 10−6 M) activated unloading under conditions of weak sucrose phloem transport to the root. They did not affect DMO uptake, respiration, and growth. 10−4 M SA stimulated unloading during 1- or 2-h exposure but did not affect it at longer treatments. A dependence of SA action on its concentration and exposure duration implies its involvement in the control of phloem unloading in the root tip. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Salicylic acid can regulate phloem unloading in the root tip

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences ; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443709050070
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In three-day-old maize (Zea mays L.) seedlings, we removed the endosperm, coleoptile with leaflets, and adventitious roots. Primary roots were exposed to 0–10−3 M salicylic acid (SA) for 1–5 h; scutellum, to 10−2 M 2-desoxy-D-glucose (2dG). 2dG-sucrose synthesized from 2dG was transported from scutella to the roots along the phloem. Its accumulation in 5-mm-long root tips was the measure of phloem unloading. At the concentrations higher than 10−4 M, SA suppressed unloading. Simultaneously, the uptake of 14C-5,5-dimethyloxazolidinedione (DMO) by root segments was inhibited, indicating cytoplasm acidification. 10−3 M SA also inhibited root respiration and growth. The lower SA concentrations (10−5 and 10−6 M) activated unloading under conditions of weak sucrose phloem transport to the root. They did not affect DMO uptake, respiration, and growth. 10−4 M SA stimulated unloading during 1- or 2-h exposure but did not affect it at longer treatments. A dependence of SA action on its concentration and exposure duration implies its involvement in the control of phloem unloading in the root tip.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 8, 2009

References

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