Safety analysis of apixaban versus warfarin in patients with advanced kidney disease

Safety analysis of apixaban versus warfarin in patients with advanced kidney disease Anticoagulation in patients with advanced kidney disease, defined as those with an eGFR < 25 mL/min, including patients with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis, remains an area of controversy and debate. Due to safety concerns regarding the increased risk for bleeding in this population, these patients have been excluded from all large-scale, randomized controlled trials to date. Warfarin and apixaban are both FDA-approved for use in this population and although warfarin remains the anticoagulant of choice, apixaban use is steadily increasing. This review combines relevant literature to better understand the risk versus benefit of anticoagulation in patients with severe kidney disease as well as the safety of apixaban versus warfarin in this population. High rates of bleed were found among both anticoagulants in those with severe kidney disease, suggesting that the risk for bleed associated with anticoagulation may not outweigh the benefit of treatment. Apixaban was found to be superior in rates of major bleed in those with ESRD on HD and may be superior to warfarin in those with an eGFR < 25 mL/min. However, large-scale, randomized clinical trials are needed to validate these results. With the continued development of novel agents there may be superior alternatives to apixaban and warfarin in those with severe kidney disease in the future. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis Springer Journals

Safety analysis of apixaban versus warfarin in patients with advanced kidney disease

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/safety-analysis-of-apixaban-versus-warfarin-in-patients-with-advanced-DndhHRhYV2
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Cardiology; Hematology
ISSN
0929-5305
eISSN
1573-742X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11239-018-1683-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Anticoagulation in patients with advanced kidney disease, defined as those with an eGFR < 25 mL/min, including patients with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis, remains an area of controversy and debate. Due to safety concerns regarding the increased risk for bleeding in this population, these patients have been excluded from all large-scale, randomized controlled trials to date. Warfarin and apixaban are both FDA-approved for use in this population and although warfarin remains the anticoagulant of choice, apixaban use is steadily increasing. This review combines relevant literature to better understand the risk versus benefit of anticoagulation in patients with severe kidney disease as well as the safety of apixaban versus warfarin in this population. High rates of bleed were found among both anticoagulants in those with severe kidney disease, suggesting that the risk for bleed associated with anticoagulation may not outweigh the benefit of treatment. Apixaban was found to be superior in rates of major bleed in those with ESRD on HD and may be superior to warfarin in those with an eGFR < 25 mL/min. However, large-scale, randomized clinical trials are needed to validate these results. With the continued development of novel agents there may be superior alternatives to apixaban and warfarin in those with severe kidney disease in the future.

Journal

Journal of Thrombosis and ThrombolysisSpringer Journals

Published: May 30, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off