S1 SINE retroposons are methylated at symmetrical and non- symmetrical positions in Brassica napus: identification of a preferred target site for asymmetrical methylation

S1 SINE retroposons are methylated at symmetrical and non- symmetrical positions in Brassica... DNA methylation has been often proposed to operate as a genome defence system against parasitic mobile elements. To test this possibility, the methylation status of a class of plant mobile elements, the S1Bn SINEs, was analysed in detail using the bisulfite modification method. We observed that S1Bn SINE retroposons are methylated at symmetrical and asymmetrical positions. Methylated cytosines are not limited to transcriptionally important regions but are well distributed along the sequence. S1Bn SINE retroposons are two-fold more methylated than the average methylation level of the Brassica napus nuclear DNA. By in situ hybridization, we showed that this high level of methylation does not result from the association of S1Bn elements to genomic regions known to be highly methylated suggesting that S1Bn elements were specifically methylated. A detailed analysis of the methylation context showed that S1Bn cytosines in symmetrical CpG and CpNpG sites are methylated at a level of 87% and 44% respectively. We observed that 5.3% of S1Bn cytosines in non- symmetrical positions were also methylated. Of this asymmetrical methylation, 57% occurred at a precise motif (Cp(A/T)pA) that only represented 12% of the asymmetrical sites in S1Bn sequences suggesting that it represents a preferred asymmetrical methylation site. This motif is methylated in S1Bnelements at only half the level observed for the Cp(A/T)pG sites. We show that non-S1Bn CpTpA sites can also be methylated in DNA from B. napus and from other plant species. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

S1 SINE retroposons are methylated at symmetrical and non- symmetrical positions in Brassica napus: identification of a preferred target site for asymmetrical methylation

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/s1-sine-retroposons-are-methylated-at-symmetrical-and-non-symmetrical-aZ47KcUBlM
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1006108325504
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

DNA methylation has been often proposed to operate as a genome defence system against parasitic mobile elements. To test this possibility, the methylation status of a class of plant mobile elements, the S1Bn SINEs, was analysed in detail using the bisulfite modification method. We observed that S1Bn SINE retroposons are methylated at symmetrical and asymmetrical positions. Methylated cytosines are not limited to transcriptionally important regions but are well distributed along the sequence. S1Bn SINE retroposons are two-fold more methylated than the average methylation level of the Brassica napus nuclear DNA. By in situ hybridization, we showed that this high level of methylation does not result from the association of S1Bn elements to genomic regions known to be highly methylated suggesting that S1Bn elements were specifically methylated. A detailed analysis of the methylation context showed that S1Bn cytosines in symmetrical CpG and CpNpG sites are methylated at a level of 87% and 44% respectively. We observed that 5.3% of S1Bn cytosines in non- symmetrical positions were also methylated. Of this asymmetrical methylation, 57% occurred at a precise motif (Cp(A/T)pA) that only represented 12% of the asymmetrical sites in S1Bn sequences suggesting that it represents a preferred asymmetrical methylation site. This motif is methylated in S1Bnelements at only half the level observed for the Cp(A/T)pG sites. We show that non-S1Bn CpTpA sites can also be methylated in DNA from B. napus and from other plant species.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 29, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off