Broad spectrum primers were used to amplify a fragment comprising the CP gene and putative ORF6 by RT-PCR from ds-RNA templates originating from 46 Portuguese varieties, totalling 190 samples, including some wild Vitis ssp sylvestris vines, and 2 vines from Slovenia. SSCP analysis was used as a preliminary screen to avoid cloning and sequencing very similar variants. Four groups of variants were recognized. In pair wise comparisons between nucleotide sequences the minimal homology found was 81%. In case of the cultivated varieties, no relationship could be seen between the phylogenetic groups and geographic origin or grape variety. Several isolates were found harbouring mixed infections with genomic variants from different groups, but the mixing did not lead to an extensive recombination between them. The deduced amino-acid sequences revealed a conserved CP subjected to strong purifying selection pressure. Analysis of the selection pressure operating on the putative ORF6 suggests that this ORF does not exist. Previously produced polyclonal antiserum raised against the recombinant CP of RSPaV expressed in Escherichia coli was shown to be able to detect all four groups of variants of RSPaV included in this study, which might enable the diagnosis of the virus on a serological basis.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2006
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