RPA and RAD51: fork reversal, fork protection, and genome stability

RPA and RAD51: fork reversal, fork protection, and genome stability Replication protein A (RPA) and RAD51 are DNA-binding proteins that help maintain genome stability during DNA replication. These proteins regulate nucleases, helicases, DNA translocases, and signaling proteins to control replication, repair, recombination, and the DNA damage response. Their different DNA-binding mechanisms, enzymatic activities, and binding partners provide unique functionalities that cooperate to ensure that the appropriate activities are deployed at the right time to overcome replication challenges. Here we review and discuss the latest discoveries of the mechanisms by which these proteins work to preserve genome stability, with a focus on their actions in fork reversal and fork protection. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nature Structural & Molecular Biology Springer Journals

RPA and RAD51: fork reversal, fork protection, and genome stability

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by The Author(s)
Subject
Life Sciences; Life Sciences, general; Biochemistry, general; Protein Structure; Membrane Biology; Biological Microscopy
ISSN
1545-9993
eISSN
1545-9985
D.O.I.
10.1038/s41594-018-0075-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Replication protein A (RPA) and RAD51 are DNA-binding proteins that help maintain genome stability during DNA replication. These proteins regulate nucleases, helicases, DNA translocases, and signaling proteins to control replication, repair, recombination, and the DNA damage response. Their different DNA-binding mechanisms, enzymatic activities, and binding partners provide unique functionalities that cooperate to ensure that the appropriate activities are deployed at the right time to overcome replication challenges. Here we review and discuss the latest discoveries of the mechanisms by which these proteins work to preserve genome stability, with a focus on their actions in fork reversal and fork protection.

Journal

Nature Structural & Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 28, 2018

References

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