Replication protein A (RPA) and RAD51 are DNA-binding proteins that help maintain genome stability during DNA replication. These proteins regulate nucleases, helicases, DNA translocases, and signaling proteins to control replication, repair, recombination, and the DNA damage response. Their different DNA-binding mechanisms, enzymatic activities, and binding partners provide unique functionalities that cooperate to ensure that the appropriate activities are deployed at the right time to overcome replication challenges. Here we review and discuss the latest discoveries of the mechanisms by which these proteins work to preserve genome stability, with a focus on their actions in fork reversal and fork protection.
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: May 28, 2018
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