Root-favoured biomass allocation improves growth and yield of field-grown rice (Oryza sativa L.) plants only when the shoot sink is expandable

Root-favoured biomass allocation improves growth and yield of field-grown rice (Oryza sativa L.)... We tested the hypothesis that high root/shoot (R/S) in rice improves plant growth and yield when the shoot sink is expandable, and that in a genotype with exaggerated R/S ratio, the shoot growth is not limited by root resources. This study involved the three rice genotypes, Giza 178, PM12, and Moroberekan with a range of R/S ratios and shoot sink sizes. Root regrowth after trimming or high- and low-nitrogen treatments revealed that Moroberekan has consistently high root-favoured biomass partitioning than Giza 178 or PM12. Increasing the R/S ratios by detillering improved the culm growth in Giza 178 and PM12 (by 43.4 and 17.7% of control, respectively) but not Moroberekan, indicating that PM12 was closer to achieving its growth potential than Giza 178 but Moroberekan was operating at maximal shoot growth potential because of high R/S ratio and small sink size. Under drought, shoot growth, gas exchange, and grain yield correlated strongly with R/S ratio and root length density (RLD) in the droughted but not the well-watered plants. We further hypothesized that R/S ratio of Moroberekan was in excess of shoot requirement for optimum growth. Crossing Moroberekan to PM12 generated three F1 hybrids with intermediate R/S ratios but higher growth, gas exchange, and yield than either parent. We conclude that increasing the R/S ratio improved growth and yield in PM12 but not Moroberekan, because the shoot sink size was expandable in PM12. Moreover, lower R/S ratios than that of Moroberekan could support higher shoot growth if shoot sink is expandable. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Acta Physiologiae Plantarum Springer Journals

Root-favoured biomass allocation improves growth and yield of field-grown rice (Oryza sativa L.) plants only when the shoot sink is expandable

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Genetics and Genomics; Plant Biochemistry; Plant Pathology; Plant Anatomy/Development; Agriculture
ISSN
0137-5881
eISSN
1861-1664
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11738-018-2697-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We tested the hypothesis that high root/shoot (R/S) in rice improves plant growth and yield when the shoot sink is expandable, and that in a genotype with exaggerated R/S ratio, the shoot growth is not limited by root resources. This study involved the three rice genotypes, Giza 178, PM12, and Moroberekan with a range of R/S ratios and shoot sink sizes. Root regrowth after trimming or high- and low-nitrogen treatments revealed that Moroberekan has consistently high root-favoured biomass partitioning than Giza 178 or PM12. Increasing the R/S ratios by detillering improved the culm growth in Giza 178 and PM12 (by 43.4 and 17.7% of control, respectively) but not Moroberekan, indicating that PM12 was closer to achieving its growth potential than Giza 178 but Moroberekan was operating at maximal shoot growth potential because of high R/S ratio and small sink size. Under drought, shoot growth, gas exchange, and grain yield correlated strongly with R/S ratio and root length density (RLD) in the droughted but not the well-watered plants. We further hypothesized that R/S ratio of Moroberekan was in excess of shoot requirement for optimum growth. Crossing Moroberekan to PM12 generated three F1 hybrids with intermediate R/S ratios but higher growth, gas exchange, and yield than either parent. We conclude that increasing the R/S ratio improved growth and yield in PM12 but not Moroberekan, because the shoot sink size was expandable in PM12. Moreover, lower R/S ratios than that of Moroberekan could support higher shoot growth if shoot sink is expandable.

Journal

Acta Physiologiae PlantarumSpringer Journals

Published: May 31, 2018

References

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