Effects of ethephon (2-chloroethylphosphonic acid, ET), which is a producer of ethylene, and 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP), which inhibits ethylene binding with the corresponding receptors, on defense responses caused by the causal agent of leaf blotch (Septoria nodorum Berk.) in leaves of soft spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) of cultivars contrast in the resistance to the pathogen were studied. After treatment with 1-MCP, an induction of wheat resistance to the disease, more prominent in the susceptible cv. Kazakhstanskaya 10 than in the resistant cv. Omskaya 35, was found. The rise in the resistance was accompanied by rise in zeatin content in leaves, enhanced generation of hydrogen peroxide (most likely, due to the decreased catalase activity and increased peroxidase activity), and accumulation of transcripts of marker genes of the salicylate signaling pathway (PR-1 and PR-2). On the contrary, in ET-treated plants, all the studied defense responses were inhibited, and the pathogen developed more intensively. The effect of ethylene on zeatin distribution in infected wheat leaves of the susceptible cv. Kazakhstanskaya 10 was also found. In the 1-MCP-treated wheat leaves, cytokinins were localized in mesophyll cells and cell walls. In the ET-treated leaves, cell walls were free of zeatin, and the hormone concentrated in developing hyphae of the pathogen. The results allow for the hypothesis that wheat plant resistance is controlled by antagonistic interaction of signaling pathways of salicylic acid and ethylene with participation of cytokinins.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 11, 2016
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera