Role of the Apoplast in the Control of Assimilate Transport, Photosynthesis, and Plant Productivity

Role of the Apoplast in the Control of Assimilate Transport, Photosynthesis, and Plant Productivity A concept is suggested, which supposes that assimilates are transferred within the plant downward through phloem sieve tubes and, after entering the stem apoplast, are carried up with the ascending flow of transpiration water. After entering the apoplast of fully expanded leaves, these solutes are reexported through the phloem. Thus, a common pool of assimilates with uniform concentration is formed in the plant apoplast. According to this concept, the mechanism of assimilate demand represents a response of photosynthetic apparatus to changes in the apoplastic level of metabolites consumed by sink organs. The ratios of labeled photoassimilates differ between the apoplast and mesophyll cells. Most of the apoplastic labeled carbon is contained in sucrose, less in amino acids, and even less in hexoses. The 14C-labeling of amino acids increases and the sucrose/hexose labeling ratio decreased under conditions of enhanced nitrate supply. The well-known effect of relative inhibition of assimilate export from leaves under conditions of enhanced nitrogen supply is explained by an enhanced hydrolysis of apoplast-derived sucrose due to the increase in invertase activity, rather than by diversion of primary photosynthetic products from sucrose synthesis to other pathways required for activated growth processes in leaves. This notion is based on observations that the sucrose/hexose ratio is reduced to a greater extent in the apoplast than in the symplast. The last assumption was supported by data obtained after artificial changes in the apoplastic pH. In these experiments intact plants were placed in the atmosphere of NH3 or HCl vapors, which induced opposite changes in relative content of labeled assimilates in the apoplast and in the photosynthetic rate. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Role of the Apoplast in the Control of Assimilate Transport, Photosynthesis, and Plant Productivity

Loading next page...
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2004 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial