The major problem to effective treatment of oral cancer is the presence of therapy resistance. Presence of cancer stem cell in the bulk of tumor have been implicated in therapeutic resistance. In this study, we report a non-telomeric role of TRF2 in formation of oral cancer spheroids and CSC phenotype maintenance via an efficient DNA damage repair mechanism in the presence of chemotherapeutic insult. We report reduced sphere formation efficiency and reduced spheroid size in TRF2 silenced oral cancer cell lines. TRF2 silenced orospheres further reported reduced proliferative capacity as compared to non-silenced orospheres. Furthermore, TRF2 silencing hampered the migratory potential of oral cancer cell line and also reduced the expression of several CSC markers like CD44, Oct4, Sox2, KLF4 and c-Myc along with β-catenin and hTERT molecules both in Cal27 cell line and generated orospheres. TRF2 silencing impaired efficient DNA damage repair capacity of non-orospheric and orospheric cells and repressed ERCC1 expression levels when treated with Cisplatin. TRF2 overexpression was also observed to correlate with poor overall survival and disease relapse of OSCC patients. In silico studies further identified several amino acid residues that show high binding affinity and strong protein-protein interactions among TRF2 and CSC marker KLF4. Hence, our report confirms a non-telomeric role of TRF2 in spheroid generation, maintenance of CSC phenotype and efficient DNA damage repair capacity contributing to chemotherapy resistance in oral cancer cell line. We further iterate the use of TRF2 as a prognostic marker in OSCC for faster detection and improved survival.
Stem Cell Reviews and Reports – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 5, 2018
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