We investigated the effects of exclusive and sustained transgenic overexpression of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I in the central nervous system (CNS) on the age-dependent decline in muscle strength, excitation-contraction coupling, muscle innervation and neuromuscular junction postterminal architecture. We found that (1) transgenic IGF-I overexpression in the CNS does not modify the decline in extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and soleus muscle weight with aging and (2) strength significantly decreases in transgenic (Tg) compared to wild-type mice. The latter finding is consistent with (3) the decreased absolute and specific force measured in the EDL muscle in vitro and (4) the decreased charge movement and peak intracellular Ca2+ mobilization in individual muscle fibers from old IGF-I Tg mice compared to young wild-type mice, which also is associated with (5) decreased dihydropyridine receptor α1-subunit expression in old compared to young IGF-I Tg mice. (6) Tg IGF-I prevents a change in muscle fiber type that is associated with (7) improved muscle innervation and postterminal neuromuscular structure. (8) IGF-I is expressed extensively across the spinal cord gray matter and the lateral motor column. Our results raise questions about the timing and cell location of CNS IGF-I overexpression necessary to prevent or to ameliorate age-dependent alterations in the structure and function of skeletal muscle.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 28, 2007
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera