Role of nitrogen metabolism in the development of salt tolerance in barley plants

Role of nitrogen metabolism in the development of salt tolerance in barley plants The 7- to 8-day-old barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) seedlings grown in KNO3 solutions (1-40 mM) were characterized by the substrate activation of nitrate reductase (NR) in the apical leaf segments (1–2 cm in length), as well as by stimulated growth, broadened leaf blades, and by vigorously developed system of shortened roots. When the seedlings were grown in the presence of 20 mM KNO3, the ability of leaf segments to generate superoxide anion radical remained at the level typical of control plants grown in water. The content of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) in plants grown in the presence of 20 mM KNO3 was 2.2–2.4 times higher than in control plants. The plants grown in the presence of nitrate had an elevated content of chlorophylls a and b, heme, and protein (by 42%). At the same time, the proline content was almost twofold lower than in control plants, which was due to substantial reduction (by 40%) in activity of Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (P5CS). It is concluded that the substrate activation of NR by KNO3 under normal growth conditions results in predominant utilization of glutamic acid (the primary product of inorganic nitrogen assimilation) for biosynthesis of tetrapyrroles and protein amino acids at the expense of inhibition of proline synthesis. When barley seedlings were grown in 150 mM NaCl solution, the plant growth and the root system development were suppressed to the levels of 63 ± 6% and 61 ± 11% of the control values, respectively. In the apical leaf tissues of plants adapted to NaCl, there was a slight decrease in the total NR activity (by 10%), a significant reduction in protein content (by 32%), and a parallel increase in the content of ALA (by a factor of 4.3), chlorophylls, heme, carotenoids, proline (2.2-fold) and P5CS (1.6-fold) with respect to the control values. It is proposed that the accumulation of ALA and proline under salinity-induced suppression of nitrogen assimilation results from the predominant allocation of glutamate for biosyntheses of ALA and proline at the expense of inhibition of growth-related processes requiring intense protein synthesis. The substrate activation of NR by KNO3 under salinity conditions was associated with prevailing allocation of the assimilated nitrogen for synthesis of proline and protein amino acids, which reinforced plant cell protection against salinity and stimulated plant growth. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Role of nitrogen metabolism in the development of salt tolerance in barley plants

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/role-of-nitrogen-metabolism-in-the-development-of-salt-tolerance-in-vXLZbHd4SP
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443713060022
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial