Role of inverted DNA repeats in transcriptional and post-transcriptional gene silencing

Role of inverted DNA repeats in transcriptional and post-transcriptional gene silencing Transgenes and endogenous genes are sensitive to silencing, in particular when the genes are tandemly repeated. Their expression can be transcriptionally or post-transcriptionally repressed, or both. It is remarkable that very often, two or more genes or parts of the genes are arranged as inverted repeats (IR). Many of such IRs are dominant silencing loci. They can repress the expression of homologous genes elsewhere in the genome in trans which is usually associated with an increase in the level of DNA methylation. Trans-silencing has been explained by DNA-DNA pairing between a repetitive silencing locus and a homologous target locus. However, there is accumulating evidence that the trans effect might be mediated by dsRNA transcribed from the IR (trans)genes. Besides dsRNA-directed DNA methylation, dsRNA in plants as well as in other systems also induces the degradation of homologous RNAs and silence genes post-transcriptionally. These findings indicate that several features associated with gene silencing can be attributed to the activities of dsRNA, which would explain why inverted transgene repeats are such efficient silencing loci. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Role of inverted DNA repeats in transcriptional and post-transcriptional gene silencing

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2000 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1006491613768
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Transgenes and endogenous genes are sensitive to silencing, in particular when the genes are tandemly repeated. Their expression can be transcriptionally or post-transcriptionally repressed, or both. It is remarkable that very often, two or more genes or parts of the genes are arranged as inverted repeats (IR). Many of such IRs are dominant silencing loci. They can repress the expression of homologous genes elsewhere in the genome in trans which is usually associated with an increase in the level of DNA methylation. Trans-silencing has been explained by DNA-DNA pairing between a repetitive silencing locus and a homologous target locus. However, there is accumulating evidence that the trans effect might be mediated by dsRNA transcribed from the IR (trans)genes. Besides dsRNA-directed DNA methylation, dsRNA in plants as well as in other systems also induces the degradation of homologous RNAs and silence genes post-transcriptionally. These findings indicate that several features associated with gene silencing can be attributed to the activities of dsRNA, which would explain why inverted transgene repeats are such efficient silencing loci.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 16, 2004

References

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