Role of intrabursal T cells in infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) infection: T cells promote viral clearance but delay follicular recovery

Role of intrabursal T cells in infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) infection: T cells promote... Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) induces an acute, highly contagious immunosuppressive disease in young chickens. We examined the role of T cells in IBDV-induced immunopathogenesis and tissue recovery. T cell-intact chickens and birds compromised in their T cell function by a combination of surgical thymectomy and Cyclosporin A treatment (Tx-CsA) were infected with an intermediate vaccine strain of IBDV (Bursine 2, Fort Dodge). Our data revealed that functional T cells were needed to control the IBDV-antigen load in the acute phase of infection at 5 days post infection. The target organ of IBDV, the bursa of Fabricius, of Tx-CsA-birds had a significantly higher antigen load than the one of T cell-intact birds (P < 0.05). Tx-CsA-treatment abrogated the IBDV-induced inflammatory response and significantly (P < 0.05) reduced the incidence of apoptotic bursa cells and the expression of cytokines such as interleukin 2 (IL-2) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) in comparison to T cell-intact birds. T cell-released IL-2 and IFN-γ may have mediated the induction of inflammation and cell death in T cell-intact birds. The IBDV-induced upregulation of tumor necrosis like-factor (TNF) expression was comparable between T cell-intact and Tx-CsA-birds. Tx-CsA-birds showed a significantly faster resolution of IBDV-induced bursa lesions than T cell-intact birds (P < 0.05). This study suggests that T cells modulate IBDV pathogenesis in two ways: a) they limit viral replication in the bursa in the early phase of the disease at 5 days post infection, and b) intrabursal T cells promote bursal tissue damage and delay tissue recovery possibly through the release of cytokines and cytotoxic effects. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Role of intrabursal T cells in infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) infection: T cells promote viral clearance but delay follicular recovery

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/role-of-intrabursal-t-cells-in-infectious-bursal-disease-virus-ibdv-MKYkgsb08a
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 by Springer-Verlag/Wien
Subject
Legacy
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s705-002-8320-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) induces an acute, highly contagious immunosuppressive disease in young chickens. We examined the role of T cells in IBDV-induced immunopathogenesis and tissue recovery. T cell-intact chickens and birds compromised in their T cell function by a combination of surgical thymectomy and Cyclosporin A treatment (Tx-CsA) were infected with an intermediate vaccine strain of IBDV (Bursine 2, Fort Dodge). Our data revealed that functional T cells were needed to control the IBDV-antigen load in the acute phase of infection at 5 days post infection. The target organ of IBDV, the bursa of Fabricius, of Tx-CsA-birds had a significantly higher antigen load than the one of T cell-intact birds (P < 0.05). Tx-CsA-treatment abrogated the IBDV-induced inflammatory response and significantly (P < 0.05) reduced the incidence of apoptotic bursa cells and the expression of cytokines such as interleukin 2 (IL-2) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) in comparison to T cell-intact birds. T cell-released IL-2 and IFN-γ may have mediated the induction of inflammation and cell death in T cell-intact birds. The IBDV-induced upregulation of tumor necrosis like-factor (TNF) expression was comparable between T cell-intact and Tx-CsA-birds. Tx-CsA-birds showed a significantly faster resolution of IBDV-induced bursa lesions than T cell-intact birds (P < 0.05). This study suggests that T cells modulate IBDV pathogenesis in two ways: a) they limit viral replication in the bursa in the early phase of the disease at 5 days post infection, and b) intrabursal T cells promote bursal tissue damage and delay tissue recovery possibly through the release of cytokines and cytotoxic effects.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 1, 2002

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off