The role of cytoplasmic streaming in pattern formation at the plasma membrane and chloroplast layer was examined with Chara corallina Klein ex Willd. cells exposed to nonuniform illumination. Our hypothesis was that the exchange of ions and metabolites between the chloroplasts and the cytoplasm in the illuminated cell area alters the composition of the cytosol while the flow of modified cytoplasm induces asymmetrical changes in the plasmalemmal transport and fluorescence of chloroplasts in the adjacent shaded areas. The hypothesis was tested by measuring the H+-transporting activity of plasmalemma and non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) in shaded areas of Chara cells at distances of 1–5 mm on either side of the illuminated region (white light, 1000 μmol/(m2 s), beam width 2 mm). When measured at equal distances on opposite sides from the illuminated region, both pH and NPQ changes differed considerably depending on the direction of cytoplasmic movement at the light-shade boundary. In the region where the cytoplasm flowed out of irradiated area, the formation of alkaline zone (the plasma membrane domain with a high H+-conductance) and NPQ in chloroplasts was observed. In the vicinity of light-shade boundary where the flow was directed from the shade to the illuminated area, neither alkaline zone nor NPQ were formed. The results demonstrate the significance of cyclosis in the transfer of physiologically active intermediate that affects the membrane transport, the functional activity of chloroplasts, and the pattern formation in the plant cell.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 12, 2011
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