Role of Cholesterol, DOTAP, and DPPC in Prostasome/Spermatozoa Interaction and Fusion

Role of Cholesterol, DOTAP, and DPPC in Prostasome/Spermatozoa Interaction and Fusion Prostasomes are membranous vesicles present in ejaculated human semen. They are very rich in cholesterol and can interact with spermatozoa. Their physiological roles are still under study. Prostasomes were mixed with liposomes prepared from various lipids, such as N-[1-(2,3-dioleoyloxy)propyl]-N,N,N-trimethylammonium (DOTAP), DOTAP/1,2-dipalmytoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine (DPPC, 4:1 molar ratio) and DOTAP/cholesterol (4:1, molar ratio) at different pH values (5–8). The mixing of the lipid phases (fusion) was determined by the relief of octadecyl rhodamine B chloride (R18) self-quenching and the radii of the vesicles, by light scattering measurements. The mixing of lipids and the radii of prostasomes were both influenced by the addition of liposome, although in a different manner. The ability of prostasomes (modified by previous treatment with liposomes) to transfer lipid to spermatozoa was also measured. Pretreatment with DOTAP decreased the phenomenon and addition of DPPC abolished it. On the other hand, pretreatment of prostasomes with DOTAP/cholesterol liposomes did not affect the transfer of lipid between prostasome and spermatozoa. Therefore, the ability of vesicles to fuse (or, at least, to exchange the lipid component) was affected by the enrichment in either natural or artificial lipid. This may open new possibilities for the modulation of spermatozoa capacitation and acrosome reaction. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Role of Cholesterol, DOTAP, and DPPC in Prostasome/Spermatozoa Interaction and Fusion

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/role-of-cholesterol-dotap-and-dppc-in-prostasome-spermatozoa-X5U47oBrs0
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-006-0009-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial