A number of mutant forms of the antirestriction protein ArdA encoded by theardA gene located in a transmissive IncN plasmid pKM101 have been constructed. Proteins belonging to the Ard family are specific inhibitors of type I restriction–modification enzymes. Single mutational substitutions of negatively charged amino acid residues located in the “antirestriction” motif with hydrophobic alanine, E134A, E137A, D144A, or a double substitution E134A, E137A do not affect the antirestriction activity (Ard) of ArdA but almost completely abolish the antimodification activity (Amd). Mutational substitutions F107D and A110D in the assumed interface ArdA, which determines contact between monomers in the active dimer (Ard)2, cause an approximately 100-fold decrease in the antirestriction protein activity. It is hypothesized that the ArdA protein forms two complexes with the type I restriction–modification enzyme (R2M2S): (1) with a specific region in the S subunit involved in contact with the sK site in DNA; and (2) with a nonspecific region in the R subunit involved in DNA translocation and degradation by restriction endonucleases. The association of ArdA with the specific region inhibits restriction endonuclease and methyltransferase activities simultaneously, whereas the association of ArdA with a nonspecific region inhibits only restriction endonuclease activity of the R2M2S enzyme.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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