In the first part of this paper, sub-pixel displacement detection methods in particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements were discussed. Some schemes for calculating the spatial gradient in a gradient method, which is one of sub-pixel displacement detection methods, were evaluated. It was found that the second order central finite difference scheme tends to underestimate the gradient of the tracer-particle’s intensity. Consequently it leads to an overestimation of sub-pixel displacements. A first-frame upstream and second-frame downstream finite difference scheme was then proposed and evaluated for one-dimensional flow measurements. Furthermore, the proposed difference scheme was extended to apply to two-dimensional flows. It was shown that taking the direction of the sub-pixel correction into account and using fewer adjacent pixels are important for PIV images consisting of small tracer particle images. Finally, a robust procedure for the execution of the gradient method was proposed, which can eliminate the effect of noises. It was found that the proposed scheme is not only highly accurate but is highly robust to noise.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 26, 2008
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