Robust evaluation of the dissimilarity between interrogation windows in image velocimetry

Robust evaluation of the dissimilarity between interrogation windows in image velocimetry Image velocimetry techniques, which extract motion information by comparison of image regions, typically make use of cross-correlation to measure the degree of matching. In this work, a novel measure of the dissimilarity between interrogation windows is proposed which is based on a more robust estimator than cross-correlation. The method is validated on synthetic images and on two experimental data sets obtained from a periodically pulsed jet and a backward-facing step. The former is a basically laminar flow, whereas the latter is fully turbulent. Both of them are characterized by regions of high velocity gradients. The efficiency of the robust image velocimetry (RIV) is compared with a cross-correlation algorithm (PIV). The analysis of results shows that the RIV is less sensitive to the appearance and disappearance of particles, and to high velocity gradients and, in general, to noise, generating less spurious velocity vectors. As a consequence RIV resolves better the vorticity peaks at the center of the vortex rings generated by the pulsed jet, obtaining, for a given interrogation window size, a higher spatial resolution. Moreover, in the analysis of the flow field generated by the backward-facing step, the RIV performs better in the shear layer at the border of the recirculation region, leading to a more reliable estimation of Reynolds shear stress and horizontal velocity component. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Robust evaluation of the dissimilarity between interrogation windows in image velocimetry

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-006-0148-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Image velocimetry techniques, which extract motion information by comparison of image regions, typically make use of cross-correlation to measure the degree of matching. In this work, a novel measure of the dissimilarity between interrogation windows is proposed which is based on a more robust estimator than cross-correlation. The method is validated on synthetic images and on two experimental data sets obtained from a periodically pulsed jet and a backward-facing step. The former is a basically laminar flow, whereas the latter is fully turbulent. Both of them are characterized by regions of high velocity gradients. The efficiency of the robust image velocimetry (RIV) is compared with a cross-correlation algorithm (PIV). The analysis of results shows that the RIV is less sensitive to the appearance and disappearance of particles, and to high velocity gradients and, in general, to noise, generating less spurious velocity vectors. As a consequence RIV resolves better the vorticity peaks at the center of the vortex rings generated by the pulsed jet, obtaining, for a given interrogation window size, a higher spatial resolution. Moreover, in the analysis of the flow field generated by the backward-facing step, the RIV performs better in the shear layer at the border of the recirculation region, leading to a more reliable estimation of Reynolds shear stress and horizontal velocity component.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 29, 2006

References

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