Purpose Facet joint insertion is a common treatment of chronic pain in the back and spine. This procedure is often performed under ﬂuoroscopic guidance, where the staff’s repetitive radiation exposure remains an unsolved problem. Robotic ultrasound (rUS) has the potential to reduce or even eliminate the use of radiation by using ultrasound with a robotic-guided needle insertion. This work presents ﬁrst clinical data of rUS-based needle insertions extending previous work of our group. Methods Our system implements an automatic US acquisition protocol combined with a calibrated needle targeting system. This approach assists the physician by positioning the needle holder on a trajectory selected in a 3D US volume of the spine. Results By the time of submission, nine facets were treated with our approach as ﬁrst data from an ongoing clinical study. The insertion success rate was shown to be comparable to current clinical practice. Furthermore, US imaging offers additional anatomical context for needle trajectory planning. Conclusion This work shows ﬁrst clinical data for robotic ultrasound-assisted facet joint insertion as a promising solution that can easily be incorporated into the clinical workﬂow. Presented results show the clinical value of such a system. Keywords Robotic ultrasound · Neurosurgery · Needle
International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 18, 2018
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