Safety is of utmost importance in live donor nephrectomies. In this study, we describe our initial experience with robot-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (RDN) in comparison with the standard laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN). We retrospectively reviewed 95 patients who either underwent RDN or LDN performed by a single surgeon from 2011 to 2016 at a tertiary institution. Donor perioperative course and postoperative outcome along with recipient outcomes were compared. Of the 95 cases, 73 were classified as LDN and 22 were classified as RDN. There were no significant differences between the two groups in age, sex, BMI, race, and ASA status. Operative times (p < 0.001) were longer in the RDN group, but eventually approached LDN times. Warm ischemia (p = 0.002) and extraction times (p = 0.05) were also longer in the RDN cohort. The donor length of hospital stay, complication rates, and postoperative change in eGFR from baseline were similar in both cohorts up to 1 year. Recipient outcomes, including delayed graft function, graft failure, and renal function up to 1 year, were also comparable. In this study, we compared the longest postoperative course so far in both donors and recipients between RDN and LDN. Up to 1 year, RDN does not negatively impact outcomes. Proficiency with RDN also quickly improved to match LDN, making it a suitable procedure for newer surgeons.
Journal of Robotic Surgery – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 31, 2017
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