Robert S. Ross and Øystein Tunsjø, eds., Strategic
Adjustment and The Rise of China: Power and Politics
in East Asia
(Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 2017), 304p.
Published online: 15 March 2018
Journal of Chinese Political Science/Association of Chinese Political Studies 2018
This edited volume is a collection of nine papers presented at two international
conferences held in Beijing (2013) and Oslo (2014), and is published in the Cornell
Studies in Security Affairs series edited by Robert J. Art, Robert Jervis, and Stephen M.
Walt. Both conferences were sponsored by Norwegian government and organized by
Beijing University and Norwegian Institute for Defense Studies respectively with
contributors from Australia, China, South Korea, Norway, and the United States. The
volume focuses on the strategic adjustments the major players in this region have made
to the new security challenge of the rise of China.
The volume is organized into three parts, with the contributors in Part I examining
power and politics in East Asian transition. In Chapter 1, Randall Schweller argues that
although China’s rise will affect the responses of other East Asian countries, ultimately
it is domestic politics, especially nationalism, that shapes each country’s policy towards
China. The author makes an interesting point that nationalism is on the rise in all
countries in the region, and the clash of nationalism may undermine stability in the
region. However, the author does not think that the tension will reach Ba boiling point^
(p. 40). In Chapter 2, Øystein Tunsjø turns to U.S.-China relations, and using his
hedging concept, he characterizes the bilateral relations as a balancing act between
cooperation and confrontation. He foresees that more confrontations will lie ahead with
the emergence of a U.S.-China bipolarity (p. 43).
The authors in Part II examine China’s relations with Japan and South Korea.
Authors in these three chapters reveal two different responses to China’s rise. For
example, although Japan considered China’s rise to be a security threat, South Korea
sees it as an opportunity to bandwagon with China for economic gain. Furthermore,
J OF CHIN POLIT SCI (2018) 23:297–298
* Baogang Guo
Dalton State College, Dalton, GA, USA