RNase activity requires formation of disulfide bonds and is regulated by the redox state

RNase activity requires formation of disulfide bonds and is regulated by the redox state The activity of many RNases requires the formation of one or more disulfide bonds which can contribute to their stability. In this study, we show that RNase activity and, to a much lesser extent, nuclease activity, are redox regulated. Intracellular RNase activity was altered in vitroby changes in the glutathione redox state. Moreover, RNase activity was abolished following exposure to reducing agents such as β-ME or DTT. Following reduction with glutathione (GSH), RNase activity could be fully reactivated with oxidized glutathione (GSSG). In contrast, RNase activity could not be reactivated when reduced with DTT. Decreasing the level of glutathione in vivoin wheat increased RNase activity. Tobacco engineered to have an increased glutathione redox state exhibited substantially lower RNase activity during dark-induced senescence. These results suggest that RNase activity requires the presence of one or more disulfide bonds that are regulated by glutathione and demonstrate for the first time that RNase activity can be altered with an alteration in cellular redox state. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

RNase activity requires formation of disulfide bonds and is regulated by the redox state

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-004-0438-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The activity of many RNases requires the formation of one or more disulfide bonds which can contribute to their stability. In this study, we show that RNase activity and, to a much lesser extent, nuclease activity, are redox regulated. Intracellular RNase activity was altered in vitroby changes in the glutathione redox state. Moreover, RNase activity was abolished following exposure to reducing agents such as β-ME or DTT. Following reduction with glutathione (GSH), RNase activity could be fully reactivated with oxidized glutathione (GSSG). In contrast, RNase activity could not be reactivated when reduced with DTT. Decreasing the level of glutathione in vivoin wheat increased RNase activity. Tobacco engineered to have an increased glutathione redox state exhibited substantially lower RNase activity during dark-induced senescence. These results suggest that RNase activity requires the presence of one or more disulfide bonds that are regulated by glutathione and demonstrate for the first time that RNase activity can be altered with an alteration in cellular redox state.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 30, 2004

References

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