Risk Factors for Hidradenitis Suppurativa in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Risk Factors for Hidradenitis Suppurativa in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease Background Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder characterized by recurrent nodules, abscesses, and sinus tracts that can be debilitating and significantly impair quality of life. Small studies and case reports have suggested a possible association between HS and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Aims We performed a case–control study to further characterize IBD patients with HS in terms of smoking status, BMI, sites affected by HS, IBD type and features, and IBD medication history. Methods A total of 38 patients with HS and IBD were identified and matched on age, gender, and IBD type to 136 controls with IBD but not HS. Clinical characteristics of interest were obtained through extensive review of the electronic health record. Results Among patients with HS and IBD, the most common sites affected by HS were the inguinal, perianal, and axillary regions. Relative to patients with IBD alone, patients with HS and IBD were nearly six times more likely to be current smok- ers (p < 0.01) and nearly 11 times more likely to be obese (p < 0.01). Patients with HS and Crohn’s were significantly more likely to have ileocolonic and perianal disease than patients with CD only (OR 8.31, 95% CI 2.90–23.80 and OR http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Digestive Diseases and Sciences Springer Journals

Risk Factors for Hidradenitis Suppurativa in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Gastroenterology; Hepatology; Oncology; Transplant Surgery; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0163-2116
eISSN
1573-2568
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10620-018-4919-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder characterized by recurrent nodules, abscesses, and sinus tracts that can be debilitating and significantly impair quality of life. Small studies and case reports have suggested a possible association between HS and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Aims We performed a case–control study to further characterize IBD patients with HS in terms of smoking status, BMI, sites affected by HS, IBD type and features, and IBD medication history. Methods A total of 38 patients with HS and IBD were identified and matched on age, gender, and IBD type to 136 controls with IBD but not HS. Clinical characteristics of interest were obtained through extensive review of the electronic health record. Results Among patients with HS and IBD, the most common sites affected by HS were the inguinal, perianal, and axillary regions. Relative to patients with IBD alone, patients with HS and IBD were nearly six times more likely to be current smok- ers (p < 0.01) and nearly 11 times more likely to be obese (p < 0.01). Patients with HS and Crohn’s were significantly more likely to have ileocolonic and perianal disease than patients with CD only (OR 8.31, 95% CI 2.90–23.80 and OR

Journal

Digestive Diseases and SciencesSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 22, 2018

References

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