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Risk and Protective Factors for Substance Use Among Sexual and Gender Minority Youth: a Scoping Review

Risk and Protective Factors for Substance Use Among Sexual and Gender Minority Youth: a Scoping... Purpose of Review Alcohol and drug use are common among youth. Rates are especially high among sexual and gender minority youth (SGMY; lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender). We conducted a scoping review of research on risk and protective factors for substance use among SGMY published between 2013 and 2017. Recent Findings Ninety-seven studies met our inclusion criteria. Most focused on individual-level minority stress risk factors, particularly stigma. Fewer studies addressed protective factors such as social support or affirming policies, and few focused on gender minority youth (GMY). We identified important, yet understudied differences by race/ethnicity, sex assigned at birth, and sexual orientation. Summary Findings highlight growing interest in this topic as well as methodological/topical gaps in the literature. Research is needed to examine SGMY substance use in nationally representative samples; expand information about GMY; investigate racial/ethnic and sex/gender differences; improve measurement; and increase translation of findings to support prevention and treatment interventions for this at-risk population. . . . . . Keywords Sexual minority Gender minority Substance use Alcohol Drug Youth Introduction to substance use. Many individuals begin using alcohol and drugs in adolescence [3], with 20% of adults with a substance Substance use is a major public health concern http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Addiction Reports Springer Journals

Risk and Protective Factors for Substance Use Among Sexual and Gender Minority Youth: a Scoping Review

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Psychiatry; Neurology
eISSN
2196-2952
DOI
10.1007/s40429-018-0196-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose of Review Alcohol and drug use are common among youth. Rates are especially high among sexual and gender minority youth (SGMY; lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender). We conducted a scoping review of research on risk and protective factors for substance use among SGMY published between 2013 and 2017. Recent Findings Ninety-seven studies met our inclusion criteria. Most focused on individual-level minority stress risk factors, particularly stigma. Fewer studies addressed protective factors such as social support or affirming policies, and few focused on gender minority youth (GMY). We identified important, yet understudied differences by race/ethnicity, sex assigned at birth, and sexual orientation. Summary Findings highlight growing interest in this topic as well as methodological/topical gaps in the literature. Research is needed to examine SGMY substance use in nationally representative samples; expand information about GMY; investigate racial/ethnic and sex/gender differences; improve measurement; and increase translation of findings to support prevention and treatment interventions for this at-risk population. . . . . . Keywords Sexual minority Gender minority Substance use Alcohol Drug Youth Introduction to substance use. Many individuals begin using alcohol and drugs in adolescence [3], with 20% of adults with a substance Substance use is a major public health concern

Journal

Current Addiction ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: May 26, 2018

References