Effect of water droplets placed onto rice (Oryza sativa L.) leaves before inoculation with blast fungus Magnaporthe grisea (Hebert) Barr on disease severity and superoxide radical generation by the leaves was investigated. The leaves were inoculated by placement of spore suspension droplets. One day before, droplets of distilled water were placed to the same sites as an inoculum. It was found, that such a pretreatment decreased frequency of susceptible-type lesions by 2 to 2.5 times and increased that of symptomless outcome by 1.5 times in comparison with the nontreated control. Besides, the pretreatment enhanced superoxide radical generation in diffusates of healthy leaves of susceptible cultivar and in diffusates of infected leaves of resistant cultivar one day post inoculation. It is suggested that water contacting with the leaf surface for a rather long time washes out from its cells compounds possessing properties of plant endogenous elicitors. The latter induce superoxide radical formation by plants and, as a consequence, their disease resistance. This may be interpreted as plant adaptation to high humidity, which usually favors infections.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: May 10, 2009
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