Completion of human genome reading stimulated intense studies in the field of functional genomics and characterization of individual genomes. Of considerable importance is the study of the complex of multicopy ribosomal genes (RGs), but its thorough analysis was not a task of the “Human Genome” program. In this short review we present our data on the copy number of rRNA genes in individual human genomes and on their heterogeneity in the functional respect. Fractions of active and potentially active RGs as well as fractions of inactive and silent RGs intensively methylated in the transcribed region are characterized. Their location in the nucleolus structures and in metaphase chromosomes is discussed.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 30, 2010
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