Most plants are constructed from repeating modular units such as phytomers, merophytes, and cell packets. Even an organism as simple as the filamentous cyanobacterium Anabaena shows recurrent patterns of differentiated cellular structures, notably with respect to its heterocysts. These examples reflect the inherent rhythms established within developmental processes of living organisms. In the present article, attention is paid to repetitious production of idioblasts—isolated cells, or clusters of cells, with an identity different to that of neighbouring cells from which they are derived. In higher plant root tissues, idioblasts are contained within cell packets that grow up from mother cells during the course of a number of cycles of cell production. The heterocysts of Anabaena are also discussed; they, too, are a type of idioblast. The idioblasts of root tissues originate as small cells which result from unequal cell divisions. Such divisions are usually the final ones within a cell packet which has already undergone a number of division cycles and are characteristically located at one or both ends of a packet. The packet end walls are suggested to have a role in regulating division asymmetry. Idioblastic systems discussed are root cortical trichosclereids and diaphragm cells; in their earliest stage, the cells from which lateral root primordia arise are also considered as clusters of idioblasts because they, too, are the products of asymmetric divisions of pericyclic mother cells. The division patterns of all these idioblastic systems were modelled in a consistent way using L-systems, with the assumption that the age of a cell-packet end wall plays a special role in cell determination.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 20, 2011
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