Rho-kinase and the nitric oxide pathway modulate basilar arterial reactivity to acetylcholine and angiotensin II in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice

Rho-kinase and the nitric oxide pathway modulate basilar arterial reactivity to acetylcholine and... Diabetes mellitus comprises a heterogeneous group of metabolic disorders with underlying hyperglycemia and secondary cardiovascular complications. Growing evidence suggests that vascular dysfunction is among the most important causes of diabetic cardiovascular disease. Therefore, we determined whether streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes in mice affects blood pressure and cerebral arterial responsiveness to angiotensin (Ang) II and acetylcholine (ACh), which are important modulators of cerebrovascular autoregulation. Diabetes was induced using a single intraperitoneal injection of STZ (50 mg/kg). Blood pressure was measured in conscious mice using the indirect tail-cuff method. Functional studies of the isolated arteries’ response to vasoactive substances were performed using a micro-organ-bath system at 60 days after STZ injection. Systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressures significantly increased at days 45 and 60 in the STZ-induced diabetic mice. In the isolated basilar arteries, ACh-induced relaxation, which is dependent on nitric oxide (NO) production from endothelial cells, decreased. In contrast, Ang II-induced contraction, mediated via rho-kinase activation in the smooth muscle, increased in the diabetic mice. There was significantly greater relaxation in the precontracted isolated basilar arteries of diabetic mice that had been treated with Y27632, a rho-kinase inhibitor, than in the control mice arteries. Pretreatment with Nω-nitro-l-arginine (L-NAME), an NO synthase inhibitor, significantly enhanced Ang II-induced contraction and Y27632-induced relaxation in the control basilar arteries but not in the STZ-induced diabetic mice arteries. These results suggest that decreased NO bioavailability and enhanced rho-kinase activity in basilar arteries contribute to altered reactivity to ACh and Ang II, respectively, in STZ-induced diabetic mice. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology Springer Journals

Rho-kinase and the nitric oxide pathway modulate basilar arterial reactivity to acetylcholine and angiotensin II in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/rho-kinase-and-the-nitric-oxide-pathway-modulate-basilar-arterial-YxYBXLsP8x
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany
Subject
Biomedicine; Pharmacology/Toxicology; Neurosciences
ISSN
0028-1298
eISSN
1432-1912
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00210-017-1396-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial