Reynolds stress anisotropy of turbulent rough wall layers

Reynolds stress anisotropy of turbulent rough wall layers The current classification of turbulent boundary layers over different wall surfaces is based on the effect the roughness has on the mean velocity, via the roughness function ΔU +. Previous hot-wire measurements have shown that turbulent boundary layers over different rough wall surfaces, but with identical ΔU +, contain significant differences in the Reynolds stresses throughout the layer. This suggests that a detailed documentation of the effect of the roughness on the anisotropic Reynolds stress tensor may pave the way for a more general classification. This paper examines experimental (boundary layer) and direct numerical simulation (channel flow) data for the invariants of the Reynolds stress tensor. Although only a limited number of rough surfaces have been examined, the results indicate that, relative to a smooth wall, the roughness reduces the level of anisotropy. This is more prominent for k-type roughnesses, the anisotropic invariant map (AIM) signature of the d-type roughness being closer to that for a smooth surface. In the vicinity of the roughness, the AIM signature varies dramatically, within one roughness wavelength, reflecting the significant changes in the characteristics of the turbulence field. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Reynolds stress anisotropy of turbulent rough wall layers

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-002-0466-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The current classification of turbulent boundary layers over different wall surfaces is based on the effect the roughness has on the mean velocity, via the roughness function ΔU +. Previous hot-wire measurements have shown that turbulent boundary layers over different rough wall surfaces, but with identical ΔU +, contain significant differences in the Reynolds stresses throughout the layer. This suggests that a detailed documentation of the effect of the roughness on the anisotropic Reynolds stress tensor may pave the way for a more general classification. This paper examines experimental (boundary layer) and direct numerical simulation (channel flow) data for the invariants of the Reynolds stress tensor. Although only a limited number of rough surfaces have been examined, the results indicate that, relative to a smooth wall, the roughness reduces the level of anisotropy. This is more prominent for k-type roughnesses, the anisotropic invariant map (AIM) signature of the d-type roughness being closer to that for a smooth surface. In the vicinity of the roughness, the AIM signature varies dramatically, within one roughness wavelength, reflecting the significant changes in the characteristics of the turbulence field.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 5, 2002

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