Review: Zainullin, Kh.N., Babkov, V.V., Zakirova, D.M., Chulkov, A.N., and Iksanova, E.M., Utilizatsiya osadkov stochnykh vod gal'vanicheskikh proizvodstv (Utilization of Sediments from Electroplating Shop Wastewater)

Review: Zainullin, Kh.N., Babkov, V.V., Zakirova, D.M., Chulkov, A.N., and Iksanova, E.M.,... Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 76, No. 3, 2003, p. 508. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 76, No. 3, 2003, p. 523. Original Russian Text Copyright 2003 by Morachevskii, Beloglazov. BOOK REVIEWS Zainullin, Kh.N., Babkov, V.V., Zakirova, D.M., Chulkov, A.N., and Iksanova, E.M., Utilizatsiya osadkov stochnykh vod gal’vanicheskikh proizvodstv (Utilization of Sediments from Electroplating Shop Wastewater) Moscow: Ruda i Metally, 2003, 272 pp. Electroplating shops for various purposes are nu- of various kinds of secondary raw materials, including merous in the country. According to the data presented electroplating sludges, particularly topical. In their by the authors of the monograph, about 5000 plants in processing, both pyrometallurgical and hydrometal- Russia have such shops. However, utilization of their lurgical techniques can be employed. The problems wastes, and sediments (sludge) formed in wastewater associated with recovery of valuable components from treatment in the first place, are far from being properly electroplating sludges by various techniques are also organized everywhere. This leads to pollution, sig- discussed in Chapter 5 (pp. 93 111). nificant excess over the maximum permissible concen- Use of sludges for direct manufacture of a number tration of heavy metals in soil and water bodies, and of important products is the subject of Chapter 6 loss of valuable components. The monograph by (pp. 112 123). As example serves production of Kh.N. Zainullin et al. is concerned with topical prob- catalysts, complex ferrites, paint-and-varnish materi- lems, which are important in environmental and als, pigments, and means of corrosion protection. economical regard. The authors have collected and Chapter 7 (pp. 123 237) analyzes the possibility of analyzed a vast body of factual data. utilizing wastes from electroplating shops in building- materials industry. The possibilities and prospects in The book comprises an introduction, eight chapters, this field are rather broad, but it is necessary to clearly conclusion, and bibliographic list. The introduction establish the environmental safety level when using (pp. 4 16) discusses the possibility of using wastes the materials thus obtained. There is no escape from from galvanic shops as secondary raw materials. It is mentioning that utilization of electroplating wastes by noted that only 30 40% of metals and 5 20% of acids and alkalis constitutes useful expenditure. Small introducing them into building and pavement materi- als leads to irreversible loss of nonferrous metals. Chapter 1 (pp. 17 24) classifies sediments formed in wastewater at sewage treatment facilities. As Chapter 8 (pp. 238 252) considers the possible or- ganization measures for centralized utilization of elec- examples serve typical data for electroplating shops of machine-building plants of the Republic of Bashkor- troplating wastes in cities or industrial regions. The brief conclusion (pp. 253 254) also contains organi- tostan. A practically convenient classification is that based on methods for utilization of sediments formed zational recommendations. The bibliographic list (pp. 255 271) includes references to 251 papers of in wastewater of electroplating shops. Also possible are other approaches. mainly Russian authors. The monograph gives a large number of useful re- Chapter 2 (pp. 25 60) is devoted to the problem of commendations concerning utilization of wastes from waste disposal. Disposal is to be regarded as a forced electroplating shops and discusses in most detail the measure, caused by the lack of acceptable processes problems associated with the use of wastes in build- for utilization of one or another kind of waste. At the ing-materials industry. The book has technological same time, reliable disposal techniques are expensive purpose, is written in easily understandable language, and pose quite a number of environmental problems. and can be recommended for a very wide audience of Chapters 3 (pp. 61 83) and 4 (pp. 84 92) consider use engineers working at electroplating shops. Probably, of electroplating sludges in metallurgy. The main dif- the large number of the authors of the monograph ficulties are posed by the pronounced inhomogeneity resulted in that the text contains repetitions and the of composition, high moisture content, and presence structure of the first six chapters is insufficiently clear. of impurities hindering the recovery of the main com- The book is well published and contains illustrative ponent. A great number of flowsheets is considered. graphic material. The depletion of resources of nonferrous metallurgy and the necessity for use of lean ores make processing A. G. Morachevskii and I. N. Beloglazov 1070-4272/03/7603-0508$25.00 2003 MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry Springer Journals

Review: Zainullin, Kh.N., Babkov, V.V., Zakirova, D.M., Chulkov, A.N., and Iksanova, E.M., Utilizatsiya osadkov stochnykh vod gal'vanicheskikh proizvodstv (Utilization of Sediments from Electroplating Shop Wastewater)

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Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2003 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Chemistry; Chemistry/Food Science, general
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