1070-4272/02/7512-2035 $27.00 C 2002 MAIK [Nauka/Interperiodica]
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 75, No. 12, 2002, p. 2035. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 75, No. 12, 2002,
Original Russian Text Copyright + 2002 by Morachevskii.
Yukhnin, Yu.M. and Mikhailov, Yu.I., Khimiya
vismutovykh soedinenii i materialov (Chemistry
of Bismuth Compounds and Materials), Novosibirsk:
Sib. Otd. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2001, 360 pp.
The keen interest in bismuth compounds and bis-
muth-containing materials is indicated by nearly si-
multaneous publication of two monographs, which
have similar titles and well supplement each other.
The book by Yu.M. Yukhnin and Yu.I. Mikhailov
pays much attention to chemistry of aqueous solutions
of bismuth salts, hydrometallurgical operations in-
volving compounds of bismuth, and properties of its
salts. The book comprises five chapters and very brief
introduction and conclusion.
The first chapter (pp. 5!22) considers the physical
and chemical properties of bismuth, application fields
of the metal and its compounds, and dynamics of
prices on the world market. Probably, the authors used
not quite consistent sources of information. According
to Table 1.13, the world production of refined bismuth
in 1993 was 4.39 thousand tons. At the same time, it
is stated on page 15 that the world consumption of the
metal in 1993 was 5.01 thousand tons. Such an excess
of consumption over production is unlikely.
The second chapter (pp. 23!40) is concerned with
chemistry of aqueous solutions of bismuth, hydrolysis
of its ions, complexation, and effect of the anionic
composition of solution on the stability of complex
ions. According to the conventional concepts, the co-
ordination number in formation of complex bismuth
ions in aqueous solutions is 6, and the complexation
reaction occurs in stages, with preliminary removal of
water molecules from the first coordination sphere
of the Bi
ion and formation of intraspheric com-
plexes. At the same time, according to recent studies,
formation of bismuth complexes with coordination
number exceeding 6 is possible.
The third chapter (pp. 41!99) contains evidence
concerning preparation of solutions of, mainly nitrate,
The first of these: Denisov, V.M., Belousova, N.V., Moise-
ev, G.K., et al., Vismutsoderzhashchie materialy: stroenie i
fiziko-khimicheskie svoistva (Bismuth-containing Materials:
Structure and Physicochemical Properties), Yekaterinburg:
Ural’sk. Otd. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2000, 526 pp.
bismuth salts and subsequent hydrometallurgical op-
erations (hydrolytic precipitation, extractive recovery,
ion-exchange processes) aimed to purify bismuth
The fourth chapter (pp. 100!235) describes chem-
ical properties of the most widely occurring and fre-
quently used bismuth compounds: oxides, nitrates,
sulfates, perchlorates, chromates, carbonates, halides,
and organobismuth compounds. In describing the
properties of compounds, much attention is given to
their structure and crystal-chemical characteristics.
The fifth chapter (pp. 236!354) analyzes publica-
tions of the last decade, concerned with chemical
properties of various bismuth materials. Of particular
interest among these materials are formulations with
valuable electrical characteristics (superconductors;
thermoelectric, magnetic, and optical materials; ferro-
electrics; piezoelectrics), solid electrolytes with oxy-
gen conduction, catalysts, light-sensitive materials,
luminophores, pharmaceutical preparations, glasses
and ceramics, and pigments.
Lists of references are given separately for each
chapter of the monograph, with their total number
equal to 1046. Particularly extensive is the list for
the fifth chapter (521 references), with 95% of these
published during the period from 1992 till 2000.
In the conclusion (pp. 355!357), the authors em-
phasize that the chemistry of bismuth materials has
been successfully developing in the last 10!15 years
in quite a number of directions. The monograph by
Yukhin and Mikhailov is the most prominent sum-
mary of the chemical properties of bismuth, its com-
pounds, and bismuth-containing materials. The infor-
mational value of the monograph is rather high.
The book is well written and contains a neatly
presented graphical material. The monograph will be
of interest for research workers and engineers engaged
in studies or use of bismuth compounds or materials
on their base.