Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 75, No. 12, 2002, p. 2035. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 75, No. 12, 2002, p. 2073. Original Russian Text Copyright C 2002 by Morachevskii. ˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝ BOOK REVIEWS ˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝ Yukhnin, Yu.M. and Mikhailov, Yu.I., Khimiya vismutovykh soedinenii i materialov (Chemistry of Bismuth Compounds and Materials), Novosibirsk: Sib. Otd. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2001, 360 pp. The keen interest in bismuth compounds and bis- bismuth salts and subsequent hydrometallurgical op- muth-containing materials is indicated by nearly si- erations (hydrolytic precipitation, extractive recovery, multaneous publication of two monographs, which ion-exchange processes) aimed to purify bismuth have similar titles and well supplement each other. compounds. The book by Yu.M. Yukhnin and Yu.I. Mikhailov The fourth chapter (pp. 100 3235) describes chem- pays much attention to chemistry of aqueous solutions ical properties of the most widely occurring and fre- of bismuth salts, hydrometallurgical operations in- quently used bismuth compounds: oxides, nitrates, volving compounds of bismuth, and properties of its sulfates, perchlorates, chromates, carbonates, halides, salts. The book comprises five chapters and very brief and organobismuth compounds. In describing the introduction and conclusion. properties of compounds, much attention is given to their structure and crystal-chemical characteristics. The first chapter (pp. 5322) considers the physical and chemical properties of bismuth, application fields The fifth chapter (pp. 236 3354) analyzes publica- of the metal and its compounds, and dynamics of tions of the last decade, concerned with chemical prices on the world market. Probably, the authors used properties of various bismuth materials. Of particular not quite consistent sources of information. According interest among these materials are formulations with to Table 1.13, the world production of refined bismuth valuable electrical characteristics (superconductors; thermoelectric, magnetic, and optical materials; ferro- in 1993 was 4.39 thousand tons. At the same time, it electrics; piezoelectrics), solid electrolytes with oxy- is stated on page 15 that the world consumption of the gen conduction, catalysts, light-sensitive materials, metal in 1993 was 5.01 thousand tons. Such an excess luminophores, pharmaceutical preparations, glasses of consumption over production is unlikely. and ceramics, and pigments. The second chapter (pp. 233 40) is concerned with Lists of references are given separately for each chemistry of aqueous solutions of bismuth, hydrolysis chapter of the monograph, with their total number of its ions, complexation, and effect of the anionic equal to 1046. Particularly extensive is the list for composition of solution on the stability of complex the fifth chapter (521 references), with 95% of these ions. According to the conventional concepts, the co- published during the period from 1992 till 2000. ordination number in formation of complex bismuth ions in aqueous solutions is 6, and the complexation In the conclusion (pp. 3553357), the authors em- reaction occurs in stages, with preliminary removal of phasize that the chemistry of bismuth materials has water molecules from the first coordination sphere been successfully developing in the last 10 315 years 3+ of the Bi ion and formation of intraspheric com- in quite a number of directions. The monograph by plexes. At the same time, according to recent studies, Yukhin and Mikhailov is the most prominent sum- mary of the chemical properties of bismuth, its com- formation of bismuth complexes with coordination pounds, and bismuth-containing materials. The infor- number exceeding 6 is possible. mational value of the monograph is rather high. The third chapter (pp. 41399) contains evidence The book is well written and contains a neatly concerning preparation of solutions of, mainly nitrate, presented graphical material. The monograph will be ˜˜˜˜˜˜˜˜˜˜ of interest for research workers and engineers engaged The first of these: Denisov, V.M., Belousova, N.V., Moise- in studies or use of bismuth compounds or materials ev, G.K., et al., Vismutsoderzhashchie materialy: stroenie i on their base. fiziko-khimicheskie svoistva (Bismuth-containing Materials: Structure and Physicochemical Properties), Yekaterinburg: Ural’sk. Otd. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2000, 526 pp. A. G. Morachevskii 1070-4272/02/7512-2035 $27.00 C 2002 MAIK [Nauka/Interperiodica]
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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