ISSN 1063-0740, Russian Journal of Marine Biology, 2006, Vol. 32, No. 4, pp. 268. © Pleiades Publishing, Inc., 2006. Original Russian Text © N.I. Selin, 2006, published in Biologiya Morya. BOOK REVIEW Review of the Book by A.N. Buyanovskii, Prostranstvenno-vremennaya izmenchivost’ razmernogo sostava v populyatsiyakh dvustvorchatykh mollyuskov, morskikh ezhei i desyatinogikh rakoobraznykh (Spatial–Temporal Variability of the Size Composition in Populations of Bivalves, Sea Urchins, and Decapods), Moscow: VNIRO, 2004. 306 pp. DOI: 10.1134/S1063074006040122 This monograph presents the results from studies tions, within which the size composition of a sample performed using visual estimation and statistical analy- taken from any site is similar to the size composition of sis of the variability of the size composition in popula- most samples collected from the same totality and dif- tions of bivalves, sea urchins, and decapods. The book fers from that of most samples taken from analogous consists of a preface, four chapters, conclusions, and an totalities) and analyzes the spatial and temporal distri- extensive list of literature, including more than 600 ref- bution patterns of SG. Based on statistical analysis of erences to Russian and foreign sources, 12 supple- the data, the author shows that the size composition of ments, a subject index, and an index of Latin names. most samples collected within a population corre- sponds to one of several (no more than 20) types of The ﬁrst chapter, which, in essence, is a review of SGs. the literature, covers the effects of demographic pro- In the fourth, most voluminous, chapter, SG and the cesses on the spatial–temporal variability of size in dynamics of size structure are illustrated by the exam- aquatic organisms. In particular, juvenile recruitment to ple of selected populations of bivalves, decapods, and populations, as well as growth, migrations, and mortal- sea urchins from the Far Eastern seas of Russia. Here, ity of organisms in changing environmental conditions, data are provided on the Paciﬁc mussel Mytilus trossu- is examined. lus, Vilasina pseudovernicosa, the Bering Sea scallop The next chapter deals with the size typization of Chlamys beringiana, the crabs Paralithodes benthic marine invertebrate populations and the camtschaticus and Erimacrus isenbecki, the prawn dynamic relation between these types. It is shown that Pandalus hypsinotus, and the sea urchin Strongylocen- any size distribution can visually be characterized by trotus intermedius. For each of these species, biological one of 10 types of populations, which differ in the stage and ecological data are provided; size–age relation- of development and recruitment pattern. However, the ships, distribution, size structure, and its spatial–tem- author notes that the suggested classiﬁcation of popula- poral dynamics are examined according to a uniﬁed tion types of aquatic organisms cannot be universal, pri- scheme. marily because of its subjectivism. The book is richly illustrated. It can be useful to The possibilities of overcoming the drawbacks of research staff, teachers, and students of biological this approach are discussed in the third chapter. Here, departments of universities and colleges and to anyone one more method for classiﬁcation of population types engaged in the exploitation of natural resources. in animals, which is based on statistical estimates of their samples, is examined. The author introduces the N. I. Selin term “structured grouping” (SG) (a totality of popula-
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 29, 2006
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