Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 74, No. 3, 2001, p. 539. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 74, No. 3, 2001, p. 524. Original Russian Text Copyright C 2001 by Morachevskii. BOOK ˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝ ˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝ REVIEWS Nikolaev, V.M., Karelin, E.A., Kuznetsov, R.A., and Toporov, Yu.G., Tekhnologiya transplutonievykh elementov (Technology of Transplutonium Elements) Dimitrovgrad: Nauchno-Issled. Inst. Atomnykh Reaktorov, Gos. Nauchn. Tsentr RF, 2000 Discovery of the phenomenon of radioactivity in and purification to remove fission products and non- the very end of the XIX century has produced a very radioactive elements. It is indicated that in the chemi- striking effect on the progress of science in the XXth cal technology of TPEs a preference is given to the century, becoming one of the most important factors extraction and chromatographic methods as the most determining the major research lines in physics, chem- suitable for organization of remote-controlled proc- istry, and chemical technology all over the world. esses providing high partition coefficients. For con- Among the most distinguished achievements of the centration and isolation of TPEs the precipitation XXth century is discovery, characterization, and de- methods are mostly used. In this chapter extraction of velopment of production processes of near transurani- TPEs with neutral extractants, amines, and organo- um elements, neptunium and plutonium. Of a great phosphorus acids is reviewed. interest are also the transplutonium elements (TPEs) The third chapter (pp. 153 3195) represents data (americium, curium, berkelium, californium, and ein- on partitioning of TPEs. The complexity of this prob- steinium). It is worth noting that the technology of lem is caused by the similarity in the properties of TPEs is closely related to the problem of nuclear TPEs in their typical oxidation state (III) and difficul- waste management. ties in preparation of TPEs in oxidation states other than III because of their low stability. The monograph written by a group of expert re- searchers from the Research Institute of Nuclear In the fourth chapter (pp. 196 3226) a comparative Reactors, Russian State Scientific Center, summarizes analysis is made of the existing methods of separation and critically evaluates the methods for preparation, of TPEs from irradiated targets. separation, and use of TPEs (including the methods The fifth chapter (pp. 226 3257) is devoted to the used in spent fuel reprocessing). Also a wide spectrum urgent problem of separation of TPEs from spent nu- of technological, economic, and environmental prob- clear fuel. The authors indicate that at present only a lems is discussed. The book includes an introduction few countries (France, the Great Britain, Russia, and and six chapters. Each of them is supplemented with Japan) regenerate uranium and separate plutonium vast bibliography (677 references on the total). from spent fuel. At the same time the United States, In the introduction (pp. 33 6) the authors justify the Germany, Sweden, Spain, and other countries prefer urgency of the problems discussed in the book, noting long cooling of spent fuel followed by its disposal in the point that no monograph dealing with the tech- geological formations. In the chapter are discussed nological aspects of production, separation, purifica- the processes for recovery of actinides from high- tion, and practical applications of TPEs was published level radioactive waste, including wet and molten salt in Russia till now. processes. The first chapter (pp. 7324) is devoted to the physi- The concluding sixth chapter (pp. 2583355) sum- cal principles of production of TPEs. By the essence marizes data on ionizing radiation sources based on successive neutron capture in nuclear reactors is the TPEs. Production of such sources is presently the only method for production of practically significant major practical application area of TPEs. amounts of TPEs. The authors examine physical prin- The book is of indisputable interest for a wide ciples of formation of TPEs by irradiation and the spectrum of specialists working in the field of radio- methodology of estimating the yield of the resulting chemistry. The style of rendering makes the mono- nuclides as well as accumulation of actinides in the graph intelligible enough to be used as a handbook for irradiated fuel of power reactors. teaching staff and students specialized in chemistry and chemical technology In the second, central chapter (pp. 25 3152) are examined the existing methods for TPE separation A. G. Morachevskii 1070-4272/01/7403-0539$25.00 C 2001 MAIK [Nauka/Interperiodica]
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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