Review: Motov, D.L., Fizikokhimiya i sul'fatnaya tekhnologiya titanoredkometall'nogo syr'ya (Physical Chemistry and Sulfate Technology of Titanium-Rare-Metal Raw Materials)

Review: Motov, D.L., Fizikokhimiya i sul'fatnaya tekhnologiya titanoredkometall'nogo syr'ya... Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 76, No. 9, 2003, p. 1540. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 76, No. 9, 2003, p. 1579. Original Russian Text Copyright 2003 by Morachevskii. BOOK REVIEWS Motov, D.L., Fizikokhimiya i sul’fatnaya tekhnologiya titano- redkometall’nogo syr’ya (Physical Chemistry and Sulfate Technology of Titanium Rare-Metal Raw Materials) Apatity: Kol’skii Nauchnyi Tsentr Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2002, part 1, 189 pp.; part 2, 163 pp. In the Kola Peninsula, there are unique deposits of solubility in the systems MeO SO H O (Me = Ti, 2 3 2 Zr, Hf) at temperatures ranging from 20 to 300 C, and titanium rare-metal raw materials. Of particular also on more complex equilibria. Sulfate and sulfato- importance among titanium-containing minerals are metallate compounds isolated in studying the systems perovskite, sphene, and titanomagnetite, and also are characterized using chemical, crystal-optical, loparite, which is a complex titanium rare-metal raw X-ray phase, and thermogravimetric analyses. material. Of chief interest among zirconium minerals are eudialyte and baddeleyite. For all of the titanium- The process characteristics of breakdown of lopar- containing ores found in the Kola Peninsula there are ite, perovskite, and sphene concentrates with sulfuric rather efficient dressing schemes yielding various acid or its mixture with ammonium sulfate are de- concentrates of required composition. scribed. In processing of loparite, titanium can be separated from niobium and tantalum. The first part of The main industrial products produced by one or the monograph also presents results obtained in study- another scheme for processing of complex titanium or ing and optimizing sulfuric acid processing of sphene, zirconium raw materials are titanium dioxide for vari- which is one of the most important minerals of the ous purposes, titanium tetrachloride, technical-grade Khibins. In addition to being a component of apatite niobium pentoxide with admixtures of titanium and nepheline ores, sphene forms in the Kola Peninsula tantalum, niobium and titanium pentoxides for manu- separate ore deposits. Processing of sphene can give facture of the metals, concentrates of rare-earth ele- various pigments. ments, and zirconium dioxide as refractory material. The second part of the monograph considers meth- The choice of a technique for processing of titani- ods of integrated processing of titanate and titanosili- um niobium raw materials is largely determined by cate raw materials to obtain titanium dioxide pigment. the kind of titanium products to be manufactured. Zirconium (hafnium) compounds can be recovered D.L. Motov’s monograph, devoted to physicochemi- from eudialyte of complex composition, whose ores cal foundations and technology of sulfuric acid proc- are mainly found in the Lovosero massif, and from essing of titanium rare-metal raw materials, com- baddeleyite, natural zirconium dioxide, which is an prises two parts. The first part covers the physico- admixture mineral in one of iron-ore deposits in the chemical foundations of sulfuric acid technology for Kola Peninsula. The final section of the second part recovery of titanium, zirconium, and hafnium com- contains evidence concerning certain fields of applica- pounds from titanium rare-metal raw materials and tion of titanium and zirconium compounds. also the results of development of flowsheets for Motov’s monograph, published in an edition of integrated sulfuric acid processing of loparite, sphene, only 100 copies, is packed with experimental material and titanomagnetite. The second part discusses sulfur- and flowsheets. The book is intended for a relatively ic acid processing of other kinds of raw materials: small audience of readers specialized in processing of of titanate (perovskite), titanosilicate (leucoxene), and the above-mentioned kinds of raw materials or in use zirconium (eudialyte, baddeleyite) types. of the products obtained. Using methods of physicochemical analysis, the author obtained a vast body of reference-type data on A. G. Morachevskii 1070-4272/03/7609-1540$25.00 2003 MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry Springer Journals

Review: Motov, D.L., Fizikokhimiya i sul'fatnaya tekhnologiya titanoredkometall'nogo syr'ya (Physical Chemistry and Sulfate Technology of Titanium-Rare-Metal Raw Materials)

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Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2003 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Chemistry; Chemistry/Food Science, general
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