1070-4272/02/7512-2031 $27.00 C 2002 MAIK [Nauka/Interperiodica]
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 75, No. 12, 2002, pp. 2031!2032. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 75, No. 12, 2002,
Original Russian Text Copyright + 2002 by Morachevskii.
Moiseev, G.K., Vyatkin, G.P., Barbin, N.N., and Kazantsev, G.F.,
Primenenie termodinamicheskogo modelirovaniya dlya izucheniya
vzaimodeistvii s uchastiem ionnykh rasplavov
(Thermodynamic Modeling in Studies of Interactions
Involving Ionic Melts), Chelyabinsk, Yuzhn. Ural’sk.
Gos. Univ., 2002, 165 pp.
Attention of readers is called to a monograph in
which methods of thermodynamic modeling are ap-
plied to analysis of interactions occurring in systems
containing ionic melts based on alkali metal carbon-
ates and halides and more complex formulations.
The general principles of thermodynamic modeling
by means of the computer program used by the au-
thors have been described in detail previously.
The book comprises a foreword, introduction, four
chapters, conclusion, bibliography, and appendix.
The foreword, having its own list of references (to
34 reports, mainly by the authors of the monograph),
mentions the possibility of processing technological
wastes containing heavy nonferrous metals and sec-
ondary raw materials (aluminum and aluminum alloy
scrap, scrap lead from batteries) in ionic liquids, to
which belong melts of halides, carbonates, and other
oxygen-containing salts of, in the first place, alkali
metals. A very brief introduction describes the soft-
ware packages and databases used in thermodynamic
The first chapter (pp. 113112) occupies the central
place in the monograph, as regards its volume and na-
ture of the problems discussed. It presents the results
of thermodynamic modeling as applied to individual
molten carbonates of alkali metals in the temperature
range 100032000 K in various media (Ar, O
CO). Also considered are mixtures of carbonates and
more complex systems including compounds of lead
and some other metals.
The second chapter (pp. 1133127) is devoted to
more specific problems-possibility of synthesizing
indium and gallium phosphides and gallium arsenide
in complex ionic media. The authors carried out nec-
essary thermodynamic calculations. As base melts
served mixtures of metaphosphates, in one case, and
those of sodium and potassium arsenates, in another.
The third chapter (pp. 1283136) applies the tech-
nique developed by the authors to evaluation of the
content of cations in different oxidation states in mol-
ten halides. As specific objects of thermodynamic
analysis served solutions of zirconium or titanium
chloride in molten individual chlorides of sodium,
potassium, or cesium in an atmosphere of argon.
The small fourth chapter (pp. 1373141) considers
the interaction of silumin with ionic melts in the tem-
perature range 30031400 K under total pressure of
Pa in argon or in a model medium containing
20 wt % O
+ 80 wt % Ar.
A number of important theoretical and practical
problems related to ionic melts are discussed in the
final part of the monograph (pp. 1423157). The au-
thors, based on the models known for high-tempera-
ture phases of variable composition in liquid state,
substantiate the validity of the model of [ideal solu-
tions of interaction products,] which is a variation of
the model of ideal associated solutions, to thermody-
namic analysis of complex systems. The main list of
references (pp. 1583163) covers 90 reports, 30 of
which belong to the authors of the monograph. An ad-
ditional list includes references to 16 studies pub-
lished in 200032002.
The book was written by known specialists in ther-
modynamic modeling and processing of secondary
raw materials, working at the Southern-Ural State
University (G.P. Vyatkin, corresponding member of
the Russian Academy of Sciences), and Institutes of
Metallurgy (G.K. Moiseev and G.F. Kazantsev) and