1070-4272/02/7509-1545$27.00C2002 MAIK [Nauka/Interperiodica]
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 75, No. 9, 2002, pp. 1545!1546. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 75, No. 9,
2002, pp. 1580!1581.
Original Russian Text Copyright + 2002 by Morachevskii.
Kedrinskii, I.A. and Yakovlev, V.G., Li-ionnye akkumulyatory
Krasnoyarsk: Platina, 2002, 268 pp.
In the last 3 decades, R&D work in the field of
lithium power cells has led to appreciable positive
results. This is largely associated with the unique
technical characteristics of lithium power cells, higher
energy density as compared to the conventional chem-
ical power cells, wide range of working temperatures,
and use of relatively inexpensive and readily available
materials. However, the development of secondary
lithium power cells encountered difficulties in ensur-
ing reversible operation of the lithium electrode,
which are associated with the high chemical activity
of lithium toward the electrolyte solutions employed.
For primary lithium power cells, the formation of a
passivating film on the lithium surface has a positive
effect: it protects the metal from corrosion in the
solvent. At the same time, passivation is a serious
obstacle in development of lithium batteries on the
basis of aprotic organic solvents.
In the 1990s, secondary lithium power cells using
no metallic lithium in their design have been widely
recognized. These cells employ as electrode materials
various compounds of transition metals (oxides, chal-
cogenides), graphite, and other materials that can
intercalate and deintercalate lithium ions. When a
battery of this kind is being charged, lithium ions are
deintercalated from the cathode and reversibly inter-
calated into the anode material. Discharge involves
deintercalation of lithium from the anode and its inter-
calation into the cathode. Chemical power cells of this
kind have been named lithium-ion batteries. Much has
been done for promotion of these batteries at the
world market by Japanese companies. The book by
A.I. Kedrinskii and V.G. Yakovlev is the first domest-
ic monograph concerned with lithium-ion batteries.
The book comprises 17 relatively small chapters,
each with its own reference list. The brief introduction
(pp. 5!9) explains the principle of operation of Li-ion
batteries and presents a list of abbreviations and
designations. The following types of Li-ion batteries
are distinguished: batteries with liquid electrolyte
(LiIB) and those with solid or thickened electrolyte
with a polymeric basis, organic or inorganic (PLi-IB).
The book is mainly concerned with batteries of the
first type (Li-IB).
Chapter 1 (pp. 10!18) gives general characteriza-
tion of Li-ion batteries. Their main rivals, Ni!Cd and
Ni!MH batteries, have a voltage of 1.25 V and energy
densities of 40!60 and 60!80 W h kg
For Li-IA, these highly important characteristics are
3.6 V and 100!150 W h kg
Chapters 2 (pp. 19!22), 3 (pp. 23!30), and 4
(pp. 31!41) describe, respectively, the mechanism of
Li-IB operation, the intercalation process, and the
crystal structure of the electrode materials. Chapter 5
is primarily concerned with analysis of components of
the equilibrium electrode potential of the intercalate.
The authors put emphasis on the specificity of its
nature. Chapters 6 (pp. 59!81) and 7 (pp. 82!102)
discuss the charging of Li-IB and kinetic character-
istics of the intercalation and deintercalation proc-
esses. Chapters 8 (pp. 103!115) and 9 (pp. 136!158)
analyze the requirements imposed on the materials for
the positive and negative electrodes of a battery.
Chapter 10 (pp. 159!174) considers the electrolyte
properties. Chapter 11 (pp. 175!193) briefly describes
basic physical (X-ray phase analysis, various spec-
troscopies) and electrochemical (chronopotentiometry,
cyclic voltammetry, impedance measurements) tech-
niques for studying processes and materials related to
Li-IB. Chapter 12 presents methods for studying and
testing both separate electrodes and batteries as a
whole under laboratory and industrial conditions.
A small chapter 13 (pp. 213!215) outlines the history
of development of Li-IB. Chapter 14 (pp. 216!232)
describes the assortment and characteristics of com-
mercial articles manufactured by leading foreign com-
panies. The undeniable priority in manufacture of
Li-IB for domestic appliances belongs to Japan. The
leading position in development and manufacture of
industrial batteries belongs to France. Chapters 15
(pp. 233!251), 16 (pp. 252!264), and 17 (p. 265) are
devoted to analysis of the world market of Li-IB,