Review: Habashi, F., Textbook of Pyrometallurgy, Quebec City: Laval Univ., 2002, 592 pp.

Review: Habashi, F., Textbook of Pyrometallurgy, Quebec City: Laval Univ., 2002, 592 pp. Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 76, No. 2, 2003, p. 337. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 76, No. 2, 2003, p. 347. Original Russian Text Copyright 2003 by Morachevskii, Beloglazov. BOOK REVIEWS Habashi, F., Textbook of Pyrometallurgy, Quebec City: Laval Univ., 2002, 592 pp. Professor F. Habashi, a Canadian scientist, sup- The fourth part, Metal Separation: Reduction, Con- plemented the voluminous set of his publications version and Other Processes (chapters 20 30, pp. 303 with a new textbook describing pyrometallurgical pro- 442), groups chapters describing, for the most part, cesses in ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy. The whole production of metals from their compounds. It consid- material is presented in the form of 38 small chapters ers properties of various reducing agents (coal, coke, grouped into five parts. The first of these, Introduc- carbon(II) oxide and its mixture with hydrogen, hy- tion (chapters 1 4, pp. 1 75) contains evidence about drogen), discusses in detail reduction of oxides and the history of high-temperature metallurgical process- other compounds of iron, reduction of nonferrous es. Mention is made of works of leading Western sci- metal oxides with carbon, hydrogen and metals, and entists J. Berzelius (1778 1848), H. Bessemer (1813 also reduction of complex oxides, halides, and sul- 1898), W. Kroll (1889 1973), and others. The evolu- fides. The same part of the book considers some other tion in use of various procedures for isolation and processes involving copper, lead, and nickel sulfides. subsequent refining of a great number of nonferrous The fifth part of the book, Refining (chapters 31 and rare metals, and also iron, is considered. The first 38, pp. 443 451), is concerned with refining processes. part of the book discusses in the general context theo- The introductory chapter describes typical processes retical, technological, and equipment-related problems. of purometallurgical refining (refining of iron, copper, Temperature dependences of the standard Gibbs ener- and lead) and gives a classification of the main refin- gy in a wide range of temperatures are presented for ing procedures: selective oxidation of impurities, re- oxides, chlorides, and fluorides of a great number of moval of dross and mattes from melts, chemical trans- metals. Special attention is given to environment pro- port reactions involving the gas phase, and physical tection from contamination in performing typical met- refining methods (vacuum treatment, zone melting, allurgical processes (steel manufacture, processing of distillation). The following chapters consider in ample sulfide ores of heavy metals). detail the procedures and methods of high-temperature The second part of the textbook, Engineering refining, with concrete examples provided. Aspects (chapters 5 11, pp. 79 182), considers pro- cesses and apparatus of metallurgical shops. Various Appendixes A, B, C, and D describe textbooks and types of furnaces, refractories used, energy-saving monographs of general nature and those devoted to processes, methods for separation of the solid and separate metals or groups of these (A), educational gaseous phases, oxidation processes, and metallo- films (B), rather simple worked examples (C), and thermic reactions are described. test questions for the main parts of the textbook (D). The book is provided with an index (pp. 579 592). The third part, Preliminary Treatment (chapters 12 19, pp. 183 302), contains evidence about vari- In contrast to the conventional practice of the Rus- ous kinds of preprocessing of raw materials, concen- sian educational literature, F. Habashi’s book luckily trates, and minerals. The following basic procedures combines presentation of problems concerning both are described: preliminary thermal treatment (smelt- ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy under the common ing, hardening, dehydration, calcination, oxidation); header pyrometallurgy. Another important distinc- alkaline fusion; sulfatization of oxides by various tion of the book is an excellent set of illustrations, methods; oxidation of sulfides, disulfides and related numerous clear photographs, including those in color, materials; formation of mattes; chlorination and fluo- and graphic schemes not overburdened with unimpor- rination. Each of the procedures discussed is illus- tant details. F. Habashi’s textbook can serve as an ex- trated with concrete examples. ample of concise and clear presentation of a vast and important branch of metallurgy. For earlier F. Habashi’s books, see Zh. Prikl. Khim., 2000, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 167 168; 2001, vol. 74, no. 10, p. 1724. A. G. Morachevskii and I. N. Beloglazov 1070-4272/03/7602-0337 $25.00 2003 MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry Springer Journals

Review: Habashi, F., Textbook of Pyrometallurgy, Quebec City: Laval Univ., 2002, 592 pp.

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