1070-4272/01/7404-0714 $25.00 C 2001 MAIK [Nauka/Interperiodica]
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 74, No. 4, 2001, p. 714. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 74, No. 4, 2001,
Original Russian Text Copyright + 2001 by Tselinskii.
Gaile, A.A., Somov, V.E., and Varshavskii, O.M., Aromaticheskie
uglevodorody: Vydelenie, primenenie, rynok: Spravochnik
(Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Isolation, Use, and Market:
Reference Book), St. Petersburg: Khimizdat, 2000, 544 pp.
The reference-monographic edition systematizes
the advances in chemistry and technology of aromatic
hydrocarbons with account of numerous publications
of, mainly, the last decade. The bibliography of
the book, given separately for each chapter, includes
about 1900 references.
The first chapter [Isolation and Separation of
Arenes] briefly considers, with due regard to the ex-
istence of specialized literature, the sources of arenes.
The main attention is given to extractive isolation of
aromatic hydrocarbons from catalysts for reforming of
benzine fractions and pyrocondensates, straight-run
medium-distillate petroleum fractions with simulta-
neous production of ecologically safe jet-engine and
diesel fuels. Also considered are methods for isolation
and purification of arenes obtained in coal carboniza-
tion from [crude benzene] and coal tar and techniques
for separation of C
arenes. Also, this chapter
reflects the results obtained by the authors of the book
in studies performed at the St. Petersburg State Tech-
nological Institute in cooperation with PO Kirish-
Chapters 234 consider various ways to use benzene
and its homologues, naphthalene, and polycycloarenes.
Of particular interest are some new promising fields
of application of arenes and, in particular, production
of phenol by means of vapor-phase oxidation of ben-
zene by nitrogen(I) oxide in the presence of zeolites
modified with iron oxide.
The fifth chapter presents technological schemes of
industrial processes for production of aromatic hy-
drocarbons and their most important derivatives-
styrene, cumene, phenol, cyclohexane, linear alkyl-
benzenes, bisphenol A, aniline, caprolactam, phthalic
anhydride, terephthalic acid, etc. Performance charac-
teristics of various processes for manufacture of ar-
omatic compounds are compared.
The sixth chapter is concerned with the fields of
application of petroleum aromatic solvents and ar-
omatic concentrates-promising products that can be
isolated in extraction manufacture of ecologically safe
motor fuels, an alternative to hydrocracking, which
requires gross investment and involves high energy
The seventh chapter presents data on the scale of
manufacture, consumption structure, and prices of
aromatic hydrocarbons and their most important de-
The use of the reference book is facilitated by the
provided subject index.
For this reference-monographic edition to be com-
prehensive, it would be advisable to supplement the
book with sections concerning the arene formation
processes (catalytic reforming and pyrolysis of oil
fractions, coal carbonization), composition of arenes
present in oils, and mechanisms of the reactions con-
sidered. However, the authors did not aim to cover all
arene-related issues in an encyclopedic manner, re-
stricting themselves to provision of references on
some of these topics.
The book is well published, contains an ample
body of concrete data on industrial processes and
advanced investigations in the field of isolation and
use of aromatic hydrocarbons. It seems to be a valu-
able manual both for specialists in petroleum refining
and petrochemistry and in organic synthesis and for
teachers, postgraduate students, and students of chem-
ical-technological and oil higher school institutions.
I. V. Tselinskii